Tuesday, August 2, 2016

Let us support the Anti-Nuclear Tests Ban

Dr Abe V Rotor
nuclear tests 2000 to present
9 August
International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples 

12 August
International Youth Day 

19 August
World Humanitarian Day 

23 August
International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition [UNESCO]

29 August
International Day against Nuclear Tests 

30 August
International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances 

 Historical Background of Nuclear Tests

The history of nuclear testing began early on the morning of 16 July 1945 at a desert test site in Alamogordo, New Mexico when the United States exploded its first atomic bomb. Designated as the Trinity Site, this initial test was the culmination of years of scientific research under the banner of the so-called “Manhattan Project”. photo, right

In the five decades between that fateful day in 1945 and the opening for signature of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996, over 2,000 nuclear tests were carried out all over the world.

  • The United States conducted 1,032 tests between 1945 and 1992.
  • The Soviet Union carried out 715 tests between 1949 and 1990.
  • The United Kingdom carried out 45 tests between 1952 and 1991.
  • France carried out 210 tests between 1960 and 1996.
  • China carried out 45 tests between 1964 and 1996.

In the five decades between 1945 and 1996, over 2,000 nuclear tests were carried out all over the world.

After the CTBT was opened for signature in September 1996, about half a dozen nuclear tests have been conducted: 

  • India conducted two tests in 1998 (India had also conducted one so-called peaceful nuclear explosion in 1974.)
  • Pakistan conducted two tests in 1998.
  • The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea announced that it had conducted a nuclear test in 2006. A recent test was conducted which ignited protests specifically from its neighbors, with the United Nations condemning the violation against nuclear testing.  

Types of Nuclear Tests

Nuclear explosions have been detonated in all environments: above ground, underground and underwater. Bombs have been detonated on top of towers, onboard barges, suspended from balloons, on the earth's surface, underwater to depths of 600m, underground to depths of more than 2,400m and in horizontal tunnels. Test bombs have been dropped by aircraft and fired by rockets up to 200 miles into the atmosphere.

Of the over 2,000 nuclear explosions detonated worldwide between 1945 and 1996, 25% or over 500 bombs were exploded in the atmosphere. ~

For References on presence and danger of nuclear fallout, source the following information from the Internet and printed references:
  • Manhattan Project 1945
  • Christmas Tree movie 1960s
  • Chernobyl Russia nuclear reactor meltdown
  • Three-Mile Island (US) Incident
  • Fukoshima (Japan) Tsumani caused nuclear plant meldown
  • North Korea Nuclear Tests 2015
  • India-Pakistan border conflict: Nuclear War confrontation threat    

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