Monday, November 20, 2017

Beware of Food Colors

Dr Abe V Rotor

Food colors in drinks and food.

The case of jubos in tamarind sweet.

All of a sudden when answering the call of nature, I was alarmed to see the color of my urine bright red. I cried, Blood! I tried to compose myself to be able to reach the hospital in the earliest possible time. But what surprised me at the same time was that my fingers were also stained red. I examined the “tamarind sweet” I had just eaten. I found the culprit - Jubos, the dye used in dying shoes. Jubos is used to color the local confectionery. How many food preparations are artificially colored for better presentation? Since that time on I have been very careful with colored foods. Ube cake, anyone?

These are things to remember about food dyes, specially if you suspect of a food or drink to be colored artificially.

• Be familiar with the natural colors of fruits and other food products. There are rare ones though. For example, purple rice cake (puto) comes from a variety pirurutong or purple rice. Ordinary rice flour and ube flour produce the same color. This can be imitated with the use of purple dye.

• Processed foods like smoked fish and ham are colored, usually golden yellow, to be attractive.

• Confectionery products are made to appear like cocoa, coffee, orange, strawberry, grapes and the like, when in fact the ingredients are mainly sugar artificial flavors and food dyes.

• Fruit juices carry dyes to enhance their natural colors. Example, calamansi juice is made to appear like lemon or orange. Soft drinks would look dull and unattractive without artificial colors.

• Cakes and other bakery products may deceive the eye and even the palate. Cake decors are definitely made of food dyes of many colors and different color combinations.

• Artificial colors are filtered by our excretory system so that they appear in the urine. This is not the case of natural colors such as achuete or anatto (Bixa orellana), pandan (Pandanus odoratissimus), ube (Dioscorea alata), and mango (Mangifera indica).

Reference: Living with Nature, AVR

Lovable Pandangera Bird

"She came singing in crispy telegraphic notes,
and dancing in foxtrot, her tail spread like a fan wagging..."
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog []
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School-on-Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class Monday to Friday

Photos by Mark Gene Rotor(Sony Cyber-shot optical zoom 4x)
Lesson: Who are considered naturalists. Are you one of them? Discover this wonderful field of study as a past time, a hobby, or just simple therapy. Take the outdoor with a camera, pencil and pad, and a positive view of life. Why don't you take your family or friends along?Friendly fantail or pandangeraRhipidura albolimbata. Side and rear views of the nesting bird on the lower branches of a mango tree at home in San Vicente, Ilocos Sur. (Holy Week, 2011)

Intricate weave of nest made of fine plant materials and cemented with silk from spider web. Nest is securely perched at the fork of a branch where predators find it hard to reach. The nest proper is cuplike, tidy and smooth, while the lower part is roughly made and freely hanging to provide camouflage and counter balance.

She came singing in crispy telegraphic notes,
and dancing in foxtrot, her tail like a fan,
fanning, closing like shutter, and opening
again, and spreading like peacock's tail,
this Maria Kapra children call for fun.

In our native tongue she is 
all for her manners neither wild
 nor tame;
wagtail to some, but unnamed and unknown
to the citybred, and those on the move,
who miss her song, her ways antic yet mild.

She rides on animals and preys on pests,
earning a name, the shepherd's companion,
and dares close to people to share their food
with a mate - what a happy pair they make!
and in their nest culminates their union.

She has a bit of Gabriela, though coy as nymph,
Storm the Bastille she fights with her mate -
feline or man, 
until their young are weaned.
Triumph fills the air with lesson to learn

To buoy the world from its sinking faith. 

Dare to kill the lovely pandangera -
like killing a mockingbird* is shame;
to silence the happy and gay, the symbol
of peace, friendship with farmers and children -
is a toll for Nature's beauty and fame. ~

*To Kill a Mockingbird, a novel made into a movie.

Fantail bird in coinage in India and New Zealand,   

Some Features of the Fantails or Pandangera

  • Fantails are small insectivorous birds of southern Asia and Australasia belonging to the genus Rhipidura in the family Rhipiduridae.
  • The colours of most species are greys, blacks, whites and browns, although a few species have yellow or even striking blue feathers. In most species there is no sexual dimorphism in plumage.
  • They are highly active birds, continuously on the move; even when perched they continue to rock back and forth, spin 180° on the spot, wag their tail from side to side or fan and unfan it. In flight they are highly agile and undertake highly aerobatic and intricate looping flights.
  • Most of the species are small, about 15 to 18 cm long, aerial feeders,hunting insects on the wing, but they also concentrate equally on terrestrial prey.
  • In some species the tail is longer than the body and the wings. When at rest the tail is folded, rounded at the tip, but when spread it assumes a characteristic fan shape that gives the bird its name.
  • Most fantails are sedentary and undertake no migration. They have a wide range of habitats, prefering rainforests, thickets and lately agricultural and urban environments.
  • Fantails are territorial and aggressively defend their territories from conspecifics (other members of the same species), as well as other predators. I am a witness to a pair of fantails attacking a cat trespassing under their nest on a balete tree at UST Manila. The incident happened at dusk as the cat was about to climb the tree.
  • Male and female share in nest building, incubation and chick feeding, and in defending their young and territory. I have read that fantails also employ a defense strategy with the female distracting a potential predator by feigning injured and luring the predator away from the nest, while the male attacks the predator repeatedly until it moves away.
Living with Nature, AVRotor; acknowledgment: Wikipedia

Wildlife Friendly

Dr Abe V Rotor

Author's wife Cecille and daughter Anna at Safari World, Bangkok, Thailand c. 2010

They come not just for food but company;
love birds by their name a great story;
would humans too, care more than need,
but need for care, love and dignity?    

Author's son Leo poses with a Philippine eagle and barn owl at Avilon Zoo, 
Montalban, Rizal c 2010

Owl and eagle in one abode, and in between, man;
Wonder if Nature made it this way in man's desire;
Whence banished, other creatures followed him,
If so, I believe man took Paradise in his exile.   

Anna with a baby orangutan at Safari World, Bangkok, Thailand c 2010

How many genes apart are we from the primates?
Ask Crick and Watson the pioneers of the DNA;
Edward Wilson in this theory of socio-biology,
Didn't Aesop favor the lowly over his risen brother?
Genes after all unite the whole world together.  

Author and daughter Anna with a giraffe at Safari World, Bangkok, Thailand

Giraffe - what a queer name, queerer are your looks;
though looking dumb, children say you're cute;
you rule the savannah by your towering height, 
save your voice, for you're completely mute. 

Anna by a baby elephant at Safari World, Bangkok, Thailand

You're a baby even if I can't carry you like a doll?
If you are big now, how big will you be?
Remain a baby then while your mother is in the wild
to us humans you're a cute little baby. 

Author's son Marlo with a bato-bato (wild pegion), Tikob Lake, Quezon C.1990

You can not be free if man is your master,
even if he feeds you and shelters you, 
for you belong to a a flock and the sky.
Be a friend then to a young heart,
fill it with joy and link 
your world with his own.

Friday, November 17, 2017

Dioramas Depicting the Philippine Grains Industry at NFA Grains Museum

A diorama is a three-dimensional scene of an event or subject with a theme presented stage-like, complete with backdrop, props and virtual reality effects. The scene is usually enclosed with glass.
Dr Abe V Rotor

Masagana 99
The flagship of the Marcos administration, Masagana 99, a nationwide rice production program made the Philippines a net exporter of rice in the later part of the seventies. Prominent characters behind the program are shown in the diorama led by President Ferdinand Marcos, First Lady Imelda Marcos, Agriculture Secretary Arturo Tanco, and NFA (then NGA) Administrator Jesus Tanchanco. Witnessing the launching ceremony are cabinet secretaries and guests.

Banaue Rice Terraces 
The Rice Terraces in Banaue in the Cordillera region has been declared World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1995. There are terraces believed to be as old as the Pyramids of Egypt, and much older than the Great Wall of China. Science is still studying the sustainability of these terraces not only in terms of productivity, but as as engineering masterpiece for which the Banaue Rice Terraces is dubbed "the 8th wonder of the ancient world." 

Encomienda System
The Encomienda System dominated agriculture during Spanish rule over the islands for more than three centuries. The encomienderos were the friars and Spanish officials who are similar to hacienderos. Although the system underwent land reform, it still persists to this day under corporate umbrella such as the case of Del Monte pineapple plantation. Hacienda Luisita in Tarlac still retains some features of the system.


Yakan Rice Culture 
Rainfed (sahod ulan) farming dominates the uplands and hillsides. Good harvest depends on generous amount and distribution of rainfall during the monsoon. Since ancient times festivities were made to implore providence for bountiful harvest as shown in this diorama. Harvest festivals were likewise offered as thanksgiving. This practice still exists especially among the minorities like the Yakans of Mindanao.

Harvest Time 
Harvest time in the Philippines marks the end of habagat or monsoon and the start of amihan or Siberian High when cold wind from the north nurtures the ripening of grains turning whole ricefields into rich golden color. Soon haystacks or mandala rise like mushrooms dotting the harvested fields. Children fly kites in the open field, a  memorable experience of childhood on the farm. Rustic scenes at harvest time have been captured on canvas by Filipino artists led by national artist Fernando Amorsolo.

Margate System of Rice Planting 
The system significantly increased rice yield in the fifties and sixties through a methodical approach, like straight line and equidistant spacing of seedlings, and thorough land preparation. The system retained the quaintness of farm life like a housewife bringing food to the planters, and neighbors lending a hand in the spirit of bayanihan or cooperation. Its basic features have been adopted by the Masagana 99 program in the seventies.
 Author poses with the museum curator Ms Josephine C Bacungan (at his left), and members of the Rotor Family. Established in 1983, the museum served as show window of the grains industry until 1986 the year of the Edsa Revolution. The museum was re-opened in 2016 through the initiative of NFA Region 3 staff headed by Director Amadeo De Guzman.      

A Travelogue in Art: From Paleolithic to Postmodernism (Part 1)

We know from records how art developed and influenced man and his society throughout history, but we can only surmise today at its role in guiding us to cope up with the complexities of postmodern life.” - AVR 

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog

                                      Drawings of animals in caves, Lascaux, France  
Art began at the dawn of civilization. It started in cave dwellings of early man then found its way to some fertile plains where nomadic man started to settle down, evidently in Mesopotamia and other known cradles of civilization in Asia and Africa. Since then art and culture grew together.

Art developed with the discovery of early tools for the home and field. Symbols were drawn on rocks, animal skin and bark of trees as early records. Sounds developed into words, and melodies. Early weapons like the spear and shield were highly decorated, more so after a victorious battle. The string of a bow led early man to invent the lyre, and other early stringed instruments. The use of the bow-and-arrow led to sports other than for hunting and war, which consequently developed the art of worship and rituals, in celebrating victories, and giving respect to the dead.

Art is to man’s credit, but his model and source of inspiration is nature. The rainbow made him wonder, the stars made him wish, thunder and lightning humbled him, creatures of all kinds made him feel important, the coming and passing of seasons marked his activities and leisure. He learned from Nature the various forms of art, in fact many fields of learning.

The pyramid is a man-made mountain, the boat a dugout piece of log, a fort came from the idea of an isolated island, a bridge from a rock promontory, the wheel from a rolling stone, temple from a cave of glittering stalactites and stalagmites. He copied the intricate architecture of the termite mound for his buildings, the unique designs of nature to express function and beauty. He studied how birds fly, build their nest, and flock together. He wondered at the mystery of living things, describing and copying them, mimicked their looks, dances and songs. Nature indeed has been man’s greatest teacher.

Beyond discovery and invention, man added aesthetics – that high sense of beauty. It is this innate desire that is expressed in his art – an expression emanating from within influenced by experience and the environment. It is a kind of longing, a pouring out of emotion, a romantic gesture, a symbol of thought or idea, a puzzle of a game or test. Often art poses a question itself, as it offers fulfillment, or therapy. But art, differentiated from science, takes the road of imagination and creativity more than reason, the dialectics of logic, and formality of philosophy. Art takes man to the road of freedom, it liberates his mind to explore, to experience and express, in the world of imagination and fantasy, distorting reality and elevating emotion, and stimulating the psyche, ascendant to aesthetic level.

If art grew with civilization, it must have its early beginning with our Stone Age ancestors. Earlier than that, art – if it is called art – is associated with instinctive ways basically in response to the needs of survival like mimicry, nesting, and cooperation shared biologically with other creatures. In reckoning the beginning of art, it is in the Paleolithic and Neolithic times dating as far back as 25,000 BC. Paintings inside caves are clearly art and history combined. These cave paintings found in many parts of the world from Lascaux in France to Montalban, Rizal, are proofs of prehistoric culture, the most prominent being those of stone tools, funerary offerings, and articles of adoration and worship. The Stonehenge in Great Britain was built ingeniously as an observatory to plot the movement and position of stars and planets, to which early man asked favor while submitting his fate through worship and festivals. Similarly the tunnels of the Pyramids of Egypt have astronomical significance, so with the ziggurats of Central America.

Imagine Stone Age art in an early version of the Greek Venus, in decorated vases, tools and weapons, or in the form of specimens from hunted animals as memorabilia or talisman. Body paintings must have imitated animals, or simply signified position and rank in the tribe. Clothing evolved from function to art. Many ethnic cultures have been preserved to this day, and in fact the modern world built on them multi-million dollar industries in fashion and tourism.

The last prehistoric phase, the Metal Age, is characterized by a proliferation of metallic crafts, from weapons to body ornaments. Discovery of burial chambers yielded rich metallic decors of gold and silver, swords and spears in advanced metallurgy in this period, shields and armors revolutionized war. And because of the precious value and malleability of metals, various objects of art were made from them and became artifacts of today, many are displayed in museums.

Art in Ancient times reached its peak with the Wonders of the Ancient World, with Greece and later Rome at the peak of power. “The glory that was Greece and the grandeur that was Rome…” became a metaphoric adage, and true to their superior achievements, the Greco-Roman model was adopted by the Renaissance, one and one-half millennia later - in the fifteen century.
The Pyramids and the Sphinx in Giza, Egypt

Unfortunately,  of the seven man-made wonders of the ancient world, only the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt survives. The rest - Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes and Lighthouse of Alexandria, were destroyed by earthquake or fire. The inclusion of other man-made wonders include the Coliseum of Rome, Karnak Temple of Egypt, Petra of Jordan and in other parts of the world, the Great Wall of China, Taj Mahal of India, Machu Picchu in Peru, Bali in Indonesia, Bagan Temples and Pagodas of Burma, Borobodor of Indonesia, Angkor Wat in Cambodia, Teotihuacan in Mexico, the Forbidden City of China. Last, but not the least, the Banaue Rice Terraces in the Philippines.

The Middle Ages often referred to as the Dark Ages was a long lull in arts, particularly in the western world, whereas on the side of world, art flourished in China and other parts of Asia, and in Central and South America (Aztec, Maya and Inca civilizations). The former Roman Empire disintegrated into warring fiefs or kingdoms, yet romantically yielded stories of fantasy and bed time stories handed down to us. (Children stories from the Grimm Brothers, and Hans Anderson; 1001 Arabian Nights)

It was in the 14th century that there was a stirring of man’s redemption from his woeful past - the Renaissance. The Renaissance brought new life and bridged the isolated corners of the world, so to speak. The Philippines became part of Renaissance Europe with its “discovery” by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. For almost 400 years of Spanish rule we developed a culture greatly influenced by European civilization, except the remote ethnic communities.


 Typical Philippine rural scene by Fernando Amorsolo
The paintings of Juan Luna, Felix Hidalgo, Fernando Amorsolo strongly reveal European styles. Many of our dances are distinctly Spanish. Even Biag ni Lam-ang (Life of Lam-ang, an pic) was abridged with Spanish and Christian flavor. Towns founded during the Spanish period were basically of Roman design. It is because Spain was ruled by the Romans for centuries. Even our Zarzuela and Moro-moro are Western in origin, the latter depicting the victory of Christians over the Moors in the Arab world. But the greatest expression of European Renaissance in the Philippines in church architecture. A typical example of baroque architecture is San Agustin Church in Intramuros, while San Sebastian Church is expressly of gothic. The latter greatly influenced the Iglesia ni Cristo’s neo-gothic edifices.

Even before the era of colonization ended at the close of the 19th century, there was a  movement sweeping Europe – Impressionism. This movement radically changed art. Classicism and Romanticism which were the dominant schools of art mainly with the elite bowed to the popular movement. Now people can reach a level of art related to their everyday life, their simple needs and aspirations. Even Realism took a step downward. Subjects are not viewed the way they are with details and accuracy; they are merely “impressions.” They are memories, dreams, views from the distance, and remnants of events and residues of thought. But this was but a transition to other  

 movements at the close of the 19th century.
Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh

It was Vincent Van Gogh who opened a new meaning in art - expressionism - the freedom to bring out through art emotions and feelings, and not merely thoughts or ideas. It took years after its founder’s death that expressionism was accepted as a major movement, particularly with the birth of new nations out of the bondage of colonial rule. The trilogy of the French Revolution – Liberty, Fraternity and Equality became a universal cry, and America was the first to adapt the trilogy as pillars of its constitution. It greatly moved local leaders. Rizal wrote Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, Juan Luna painted Spolarium a mural comparing the suffering Filipinos with the gladiators of Rome. The 1889 Philippine Independence aroused nationalism, although it was short lived with America placing the Philippines under its sovereign as a Commonwealth. Here is a mélange of art with American art further diluting an already losing Filipino identity.

Since the pioneers of America were mostly Europeans, American art was distinctly European. So with the art they introduced in the Philippines. Buildings during the Commonwealth were post-colonial – which is fundamentally Greco-Roman. The prominent examples are the Central Post Office, the old Congress and Senate, Agriculture, Finance, Supreme Court, Philippine General Hospital. All over the country neo-colonial architecture and design are still evident seventy years after our independence from America.
Science and technology has opened new frontiers for the arts. It has unveiled many mysteries to become interesting subjects for the art. The discovery of the sunken Titanic gave us movies, songs, poetry, and the refloated ship has been converted into a submarine museum. The deepest part of the ocean is being revealed as a mysterious landscape, and the universe is being scanned for new worlds.

--------------------------------NOTE: Dr. Rotor was responsible in putting up the Grain Industry Museum the National Food Authority in (1980-83), and the St Paul Museum of St Paul University QC in (1995-2009) and served as curator through the periods mentioned. Source of this Article (Parts 1 and 2): Humanities Today - An Integrated and Travelogue Approach  by CM Doria and AV Rotor, C and E Publishing Co. 

A Travelogue in Art: From Paleolithic to Postmodernism (Part 2)

Scientific and technological breakthroughs changed the way we live, and brought us too soon into a postmodern era.  Art has proliferated into various theories, and each theory cannot be judged as right or wrong. So with its direction, and its multi-facet expressions.
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog

As industrialization stimulated economy, towns and cities grew, people travelled or migrated, and population rapidly increased. Art found a new expression - abstract art.  Pablo Picasso, is perhaps the most prominent leader in this movement. His mural Guernica in the Basque territory had cleverly hidden messages that helped Spain resist the threat of Germany. Picasso’s art spanned three generations and evolved into several art movements, challenging tradition and convention, and influencing global art more than any artist did.

Picasso's Guernica mural
Scientific and technological breakthrough changed the world, so with art. Splitting of the Atom brought Armageddon and persistent fear to mankind. The invention of the microchip shrunk the world with modern communication - radio and television, and the Internet, resulting in an explosion of knowledge, while trespassing into personal life and privacy. The breaking of the Code of Life gave rise to genetic engineering which can clone life, and change natural evolution. These conditions have set a new movement in the art tied with post-modernism. If man is virtually living ahead of his time, what could be his art?

Art indeed has proliferated into theories, and each theory cannot be judged as right or wrong. So with its direction, and its multi-facet expressions. Here are developments in the art in our postmodern time.

1. Art and Modern Super Structures – The ancient wonders of the world are now dwarfed by mega structures like the Eiffel Tower (France), Brooklyn Bridge (USA), Panama Canal, Chunnel (tunnel linking France and Great Britain across the English Channel), and Petronas Twin Tower (Malaysia), Aswan Dam (Egypt), to name a few.

Photography as art. Fisheye view of a forest, and underwater view of a coral reef, setting of Finding Nemo a popular animae movie

2. Photographic Art – The camera and its accessories are now easily accessible. These include programs for photo editing and publication. The versatility of photography is in its advance technology, linking it with advertisement, digital art, communication and media. Photography is a “short cut to art” which makes its classification controversial. With the computer, a photograph can be converted into various forms and interpretations. But such result emanates mainly from the versatility of the machine rather than the operator. Photography has taken over the former function of art in portraiture and documentation.

3. Art and Media – Media art reaches the far ends of the globe, from print to satellite communications. With cellphones, and multi-media equipment make people participate in the arts as performers and audience. Media is everywhere every day. Music can be produced any time. TV programs through cable brings in a flood of information and entertainment. Media has revolutionized schooling through Distance Learning (Open University) and communications (e-mail, e-libing, e-commerce, e-learning, and the like)

4. Function-and-Beauty – The role of art in industry and trade is that it enhances the desirability of a product or service. It is akin to advertisement, but it is actually function and beauty combined that sells. For example, a car’s sleek design is functionally aerodynamics, tools and equipment are ergonomically designed. More and more houses, roads, bridges, parks, and the like exhibit the element of function-and-beauty.

5. Thrash Art – Art from recycled materials is practical, and it sends an ecological message, that touches people’s sensitivity and conscience amidst worsening pollution. Thrash art may be a sculptural piece made of metal scraps (art), or it could be an all-purpose bag from recycled fruit juice packages (craft). The former is an example of high level art (aesthetic, and to any extent, a philosophy), while the other product is considered as low-level art (craft, which is more of its function than mere aesthetics.)
Example of thrash art with surreal theme (From the Internet) 

6. Avant-garde and Graffiti art on walls, trains, buses, fences, sidewalks, and other places is often associated with vandalism, and reflects deterioration of values. To many people it would be shocking to consider it as art. It reflects radicalism, although the claim is that art – whatever art takes - is free expression and of thought in whatever style or symbols. Based on conventional criteria, avant-garde and graffiti art is simply not art at all. And yet, it flourishes, which could only mean that art evolves even outside the realms of art itself, apparently a characteristic of postmodern trends. 
Views of graffiti art on the Berlin wall (West and East side, respectively)
7. Classical and Contemporary Art – Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables, Leo Tolstoy’s War and Peace, Miguel de Cervantes’ Don Quixote topped the world’s best novels, with Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere ranked closely behind. The works of Shakespeare and Browning once topped the list of classical poetry, and in music, the works of Beethoven, Mozart, Chopin, and Tchaikovsky. In painting, the names Rembrandt, Goya, Da Vinci, and Michelangelo are regarded institutions. The timelessness of classics are being overshadowed by neo-classical and contemporary works, although classics remain as undying models even with the march of time and progress, and new movements creating diverse pieces of art that go with postmodern life.

Art and Extremism. Going back to basics draws art to fundamental themes and techniques. But fundamentalism may turn to isolationism. Art is never subservient to either. On the other hand, radicalism could ignite controversy, such as the recent art exhibit at the Cultural Center of the Philippines lampooning Christ and desecrating holy objects. The exhibit drew ire from both religious and clergy. Art cannot be detached from morals, more so with ethics. It cannot be amoral or neutral to values.

 9. Body Art
 Body tattooing is a primitive art.  The Maoris of New Zeland, the aborigines of Australia and New Guinea, the Zulus of Africa, and other cultures pride themselves with this body art for the purpose of identifying their tribes and social status, and as part of their cultural traditions and beliefs. 

When we were kids tattoo was associated with prisoners. It was a pastime of those in the correctional.  An ex-convict would then carry around this trademark casting fear or caution as he moved around the community.

Occult or craft,  tattooing was for decades an isolated form of art - if ever it was regarded as art.  Then in the later part of the last century body art began to capture the imagination of the fashion and entertainment world. Today body art has assumed to virtually endless forms from simple body markings and costumes to cult symbols and art movement in itself.

Top, left, clockwise: Tattoo takes over clothes in a fashion show; nature art in tattoo; multiple body piercing; man-and-beast representation.

 10. Instant Art – Those who have watched Avatar or Starwars may wonder at the versatility of these movies. The truth is, many of the scenes were studio-generated and faked. Another aspect of instant art is pirating (piracy of intellectual property), and packaging such as “canned” nature (Gubat sa Siudad, Fantasyland). There is a proliferation of amusements, and mass production of art works legal or illegal. It is a trend in our postmodern life to go for instant things like photo shoot, tarpaulin billboards, e-publishing, DVD movies, and MP3 music. Similarly there is trend in food (fast food), on the dance floor (maskipop), on the karaoke (Minus One). But there is no need to change the definition of art. It is like separating the grains from the chaff, so to speak, and know what is art and is not. The essence and purpose of art will never change.

No time in history has art found its widest application than it is today. Its enormous variety serve people of all ages, singly or collectively, in various occasions and events, touching their lives, tapping their talents, arousing their feelings, stimulating them to think and imagine . And to create the most wonderful things that constitute their own masterpieces. This is the challenge of art today and if these can relate to the betterment of humanity, then we say, art is humanities. ~ (AVR 11-1-11) 

The author drew his ideas and art from his travels visiting museums like The Smithsonian Institute in Washington DC, The Egyptian Museum in Cairo, The Mexican Museum in Mexico City, The Israel Museum in Tel Aviv, The Vietnam Museum in HoChiMinh City, Taiwan’s Tunnel Museum in Taipei, The Forbidden City in Beijing, The Grand Palace in Bangkok, The Vatican in Rome, and of course, our own National Museum.Source of this article: Humanities Today - An  Experiential Approach by M Doria and AV Rotor, C & E Publishing Co. 2011