Monday, February 25, 2013

UST-AB People's Technology: Natural Vinegar has 101 Uses

UST-AB People's Technology: Natural Vinegar has 101 Uses
Dr Abe V Rotor
UST-AB Assignment
Photo: Vigan Empanada dipped in Ilocos Vinegar is a specialty of the place, and a favorite of tourists. 
Living with Nature School on Blog []
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Mely C Tenorio, 738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday (Phase II 2006 to present)
  • What commercial products can be substituted with natural vinegar?  Specify.
  • Using as reference a simple and popular household item like the vinegar, cite other people's technologies that make living less expensive and complicated, and therefore ease out the burden of living in a highly capitalistic society.  Vinegar is the most popular food conditioner – for seasoning, marinating, as spice, appetizer, and the like.  Outside of the kitchen vinegar has many uses, from deodorizer to weed killer, sore throat remedy to first aid to insect bite.   
A. Kitchen Uses

  1. When boiling meat, add a spoonful of vinegar to the water to make it more tender.
  2. Marinate tough meat in vinegar overnight to tenderize.
  3. Pickles in natural vinegar will last longer and taste better. 
  4. Make butter milk. Add a tablespoon of vinegar to a cup of milk and let it stand 5 minutes to thicken.
  5. Tenderize meat. Soak in vinegar overnight.
  6. Cook fish and meat as paksiw.
  7. Freshen vegetables. Soak wilted vegetables in a quart of cold water and a tablespoon of vinegar.
  8. Deodorize the kitchen drain. Pour a cup down the drain once a week.  Let stand 30 minutes and then flush with cold water.
  9. Eliminate onion odor.  Rub on your fingers before and after slicing.
  10. Clean and disinfect wood cutting boards.  Wipe with full strength vinegar.
  11. Remove fruit stains from hands. Rub with vinegar.
  12. Cut grease and odor on dishes.  Add a tablespoon of vinegar to hot soapy water.
  13. Clean a teapot.  Boil a mixture of water and vinegar in the teapot.  Wipe away the grime.
  14. Freshen a lunchbox.  Soak a piece of bread in vinegar and let it sit in the lunchbox overnight.
  15. Clean the refrigerator.  Wash with a solution of equal parts of water and vinegar.
  16. Unclog a drain.  Pour a handful of baking soda down the brain and add ½ cup of vinegar.  Rinse with hot water.
  17. Replace a lemon.  Substitute ¼ teaspoon of vinegar for 1 teaspoon of lemon juice.
  18. Firm up gelatin. Add a teaspoon of vinegar for every box of gelatin used to keep those molded desserts from sagging in the summer heat.
  19. Boil better eggs.  Add 2 tablespoons of vinegars of vinegar to each quart of water before boiling eggs, keeps them from cracking.
  20. Prepare fluffier rice.  Add a teaspoon of vinegar to the water when it boils.
  21. Make wine-vinegar.  Mix 2 tablespoons of vinegar with 1 tablespoon of dry red wine.
  22. Debug fresh vegetables.  Wash leafy greens in water with vinegar and salt.  Bugs floats off.
  23. Sour fruits with vinegar.  Try eating young tamarind with vinegar and salt, so with santol.   
  24. Scale fish more easily.  Rub with vinegar 5 minutes before scaling.
  25. Pickle green papaya, botolan (seeded banana).  Add  carrot, onion and the like.
  26. Vinegar as “mother liquor” in making new vinegar.  Principle of inoculation. .
  27. Clean and deodorize the garbage disposal.  Make vinegar ice cubes and feed them down the disposal.  After grinding, run cold water through a minute.
  28. Clean and deodorize jars.  Rinse mayonnaise, peanut butter, and mustard jars with vinegar when empty.
  29. Clean the dishwasher.  Run a cup of vinegar through the whole cycle once a month to reduce soap build up on the inner mechanisms and on glassware.
  30. Clean stainless steel.  Wipe with a vinegar dampened cloth.
  31. Clean china and fine glassware.  Add a cup pf vinegar to a sink of warm water.  Gently dip the glass or china in the solution and let dry.
  32. Get stains out of pots.  Fill pot with a solution of 3 tablespoons of vinegar to a pint of water.  Boil until stain loosens and can be washed away.
  33. Clean the microwave.  Boil a solution of ¼ cup of vinegar and 1 cup of water in the microwave.  Will loosen splattered food and deodorize.
  34. Get rid of cooking smells.  Let simmer a small pot of vinegar and water solution.
  35. Mix some vinegar with salt.  It will clean dishes, pots, glasses, windows, brass, copper, bronze, pans. Skillets.  Rinse well with warm water,
  36. When boiling eggs, add a tablespoon of vinegar to the water to prevent white from leaking out of a cracked egg and also keep the yolk in the center of the egg,
  37. Use vinegar instead of lemon on fried and broiled foods.  It gives a tangy flavor. 
  38. Remove the lime deposits.  Add vinegar to warm water and soak your tea kettle overnight.  .  This will also work on your glass coffee pot.  Put three ounces of vinegar in the pot and fill rest with warm water.
  39. Wipe jars of preserves and canned food with vinegar to prevent mold producing bacteria.
  40. Clean jars with vinegar and water to remove odor.
  41. Prevent discoloration of peeled potatoes by adding a few drops of vinegar in water.  They will keep fresh for days in the refrigerator.
 B. Uses on Health and as Home Remedy

  1. Drinking apple cider vinegar mixed with cold water will help you lose weight.  Vinegar helps to burn fat.
  2. Dampen your appetite.  Sprinkle a little vinegar on prepared food to take the edge off your appetite.
  3. Apply ice cold vinegar right away for fast relief of sunburn or other minor burns.  It will help prevent burn blisters,
  4. Soothe a bee or jellyfish sting.  Douse with vinegar.  Will soothe irritation and relieve itching.
  5. Relieve sunburn.  Lightly rub white or cider vinegar on skin.  Reapply as needed.
  6. Conditions hair.  Add a tablespoon of vinegar to your rinse to dissolve sticky residue left by shampoo.
  7. Relieve dry and itchy skin. Add 2 tablespoons of vinegar to your bath water.
  8. Fight dandruff.  After shampooing, rinse with a solution of ½ cup vinegar and 2 cups of warm water.
  9. Soothe a sore throat.  Put a teaspoon of vinegar in a glass of water.  Gurgle. The shallow.  For another great gargle: 1 cup hot water, 2 tbsp honey; 1 tbsp vinegar, gargle then drink.
  10. Clear up warts.  Apply a lotion of half cider vinegar and half glycerin.
  11. Treat sinus infections and chest colds.  Add ¼ cup or more vinegar to the vaporizer.
  12. Feel good.  A teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water, with a bit of honey added for flavor, will take the edge off your appetite and give you an overall healthy feeling.
  13. Cure hangover.  Combine two raw eggs, a tablespoon of vinegar and black pepper.  Blend well.
  14. Catch insect specimens with vinegar.  Vinegar attracts drosophila flies, common houseflies and blue bottle flies. Fly maggots can be culture in diluted vinegar for laboratory experiments.  
 C. Uses in the Shop and Working Area

  1. Unclog steam iron.  Pour equal amounts of vinegar and water into the iron’s water chamber.  Turn to steam and leave the iron on for five minutes in an upright position.  Then unplug and allow to cool.  Any loose particles should come out when you empty the water.    
  2. Clean a scorched iron plate.  Heat equal parts vinegar and salt in a small pan.  Rub solution on the cooled iron surface to remove dark or burned stains.
  3. Keep colors from running.  Immerse clothes in full strength vinegar before washing.
  4. Get rid of lint in clothes.  Add ½ cup of vinegar to the rinse cycle.
  5. Freshen up the washing machine.  Periodically, pour a cup of vinegar in the machine and let in run through a regular cycle (no clothes added).  Will dissolve soap residue.
  6. Brighten fabric colors.  Add a ½ cup vinegar to the rinse cycle.
  7. Take grease off suede.  Dip a toothbrush in vinegar and gently brush over grease spot.
  8. Remove tough stains.  Gently rub on fruit, jam, mustard, coffee, tea.  Then was as usual.
  9. Get smoke smell out of clothes.  Add a cup of vinegar to a bath tub of hot water.  Hang clothes above the steam.
  10. Remove decals.  Brush with a couple coats of vinegar.  Allow to soak in.  Wash off.
  11. Clean eyeglasses.  Wipe each lens with a drop of vinegar.
  12. Freshen cut flowers.  Add 2 tbsp vinegar and 1 tbsp sugar for each quart of water.
  13. Keep car windows frosty free.  Coat the windows the night before with a solution of three parts vinegar to one part water.
  14. Polish car chrome.  Apply full strength vinegar with a soft cloth.
  15. Soak new propane lantern wicks in vinegar for several hours. Let dry before using. Will burn longer and brighter.
  16. Dissolve rust from bolts and other metals.  Soak in full strength vinegar.
  17. Clean windows with vinegar and water.
  18. Rub vinegar on the cut end of uncooked ham to prevent mold.  It will not change the taste of your ham.
  19. Add vinegar to laundry rinse water.  This will remove all soap and prevent yellowing.
  20.  Remove hairspray and other p[product buildups from your hair. Massage one ounce of full strength vinegar into hair and leave on for about 20 minutes.  Rinse with warm water.  The shampoo and rinse your hair as usual.
  21. Boil vinegar and water in pots to remove stains.
  22. Pour undiluted vinegar in coffee maker to remove sediments.  Run through like you are brewing coffee.  Let cool and run through again if your coffee maker is full of sediment.  When done, run in plain water through to rinse a few times.
  23. Remove berry stains from hands with vinegar.
  24. Wash hands with diluted vinegar after working with cement. This will restore smoothness and color of your hands.
  25. Artists use vinegar for etching and blending paint materials.
  26. Soak your fingernails in vinegar for 20 minutes two times a week to strengthen them.  They will grow longer a lot faster than normal.
  27. Bring vinegar to a boil in an old saucepan.  Reduce to shimmer and place paint brushes with hardened paint on them in the pan.  Leave until you see paint loosen.  Wash brushes with soapy water to soften the brushes.
  28. Dampen a cloth with vinegar and wipe counters, canisters and other containers to keep them smelling fresh and clean.
  29. Place small containers of vinegar all around the house to take out cigarette smoke smell.  Or wave a cloth you soaked in vinegar around the house to clean the air odors.
  30. Pour baking soda down clogged drain.  Add boiling vinegar to it and your drain should unclog.  If not, your clog is needing a commercial drain opener.
  31. Clean fireplace bricks with undiluted vinegar.
  32. To tighten cane bottom or caneback chairs sponge them with a hot solution of half vinegar and half water.  Place the chairs out in the hot sun to dry.  They will tighten back into shape.
  33. To eliminate mildew. Dust and odors. Wipe down walls with vinegar-soaked cloth.
D. Uses on Farms and Gardens

  1. Kill grass on walks and driveways.  Pour full strength on unwanted grass.
  2. Kill weeds.  Spray full strength on tops of weeds.  Reapply on any new growth until plants have starved.
  3. Increase soil acidity.  In hard water areas, add a cup of vinegar to a gallon of water for watering acid loving plants like rhododendrons, gardenia and azaleas.  The vinegar will release iron in the soil for the plant to use.
  4. Neutralize garden lime.  Rinse your hands liberally with vinegar after working with garden lime to avoid rough and flaking skin. Clean pots before repotting, rinse with vinegar to remove excess lime.
  5. Deter ants.  Spray vinegar around door and window frames, under appliances, and along other known ant trails.
  6. Clean milking equipment. Rinse with vinegar to leave system clean, odorless, and bacteria free without harmful chemical residue.
E. Uses on Animals and Pets

  1. Remove skunk odor from a dog. Rub fur with vinegar.
  2. Keep cats away. Sprinkle vinegar on an area to discourage cats from walking, sleeping, or scratching on it.
  3. Keep dogs from scratching ears. Clean the inside of the ears with a soft cloth dipped in diluted vinegar.
  4. Rub down your dogs and cats with vinegar if they get sprayed by a skunk.
  5. Keep away fleas and mange. Add a little vinegar to your pet’s drinking water.
100.Keep chickens from pecking each other. Add cider vinegar to their drinking water.
101.Substitute of deodorant such as creosol, lysol, etc. Add little vinegar in final flushing. 

Chinese Fantasy Landscape

Painting and Verse by
Dr Abe V Rotor 

Raging fire and cool jade
marble of blue and ebony
jagged mountains ascending
colors not of earth
nor water nor sky
creatures by imagination
carved, floating, flying 
landscape of far away
in imagination, in myth
not on earth 
not in heaven 
not by man -
yet called
man, heaven and earth  ~

For sale: Fantasy Landscape (15.5" x 43") acrylic on canvas, mounted on black wood frame (gross weight 1.5 kg), ready to hang. Call Dr Abe V Rotor 939-63-31. Free copies of author's books, Light in the Woods (Poetry and Photographs) and Light from the Old Arch (Essays). Proceeds will be go to Functional Literacy program. 

Saturday, February 23, 2013

The Wheel Re-invented - Educational Toy for Kids

Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature School on Blog []
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Mely C Tenorio, 738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday (Phase II 2006 to present)

Children in the neighborhood taking time out to learn the practical uses of the wheel in modern times. Lagro QC 
                      The Wheel Re-invented   
From a rolling stone moving downhill, the wheel was born in man's creative mind to become his first true invention that revolutionized his life and his society. 

From the rolling stone evolved the idea of the cart, caleza and chariot - all made possible by another discovery - animals as beasts of burden to ease his work.
With wheels for transport, roads were built, bridges laid across rivers, new settlements founded, and people moved faster and farther into new territories.   

The wheel formerly made of solid stone, then of wooden spokes, soon took various makes and forms to serve man's unending needs, this time as machine.

Machine to grind grains, to crush sugarcane, to bring up water from wells and rivers, to power trains and cars - transforming man's life into a modern world. 

A modern world with the wheel re-invented into wind mill and waterwheel to generate electricity, engine that move man across and between continents.

The re-invented wheel gave man electronic gadgets from TV, computer, to space satellite, the hand-held tablet, shrinking the whole world into a global village.

But the wheel was also re-invented for war, from guns to missiles that carry weapons of mass destruction threatening to destroy civilization and man himself.

Beauty and goodness the wheel took shape, from stone to postmodern age,  affirming man's ideal and nobility, yet paradoxically transforming into a monster.

The wheel re-invented in the hands of children lies a new hope for peace and understanding, ideas that bring back a glorious past, in colorful toys and pure joy. ~    

Yes, you can bring down the rainbow - and touch it, too.

Yes, you can bring down the rainbow - and touch it, too.    
Dr Abe V Rotor

Morning rainbow across the hills and river in Bamban, Tarlac

Children in the neighborhood delight in making a rainbow through an aquarium as prism.  You can make one, too, in your home.  
Rainbow - a kaleidoscope of colors in a pattern of seven - red, orange, yellow, green blue, indigo and violet - that guide man's art in endless combinations.

Rainbow - it builds slowly before our eyes; it comes as twin, or breaks out suddenly  perking up life in its low ebb, and taking out the boredom of living. 

Rainbow - gauge of  weather, reference for travel and trade, source of inspiration of lovers,  bards and writers, subject of the arts, icon of faith and devotion. 

Rainbow - the make-believe subject in children's stories of fairies and spirits; the most sought treasure of grownups -  the proverbial pot of gold. 

Rainbow - ephemeral for which its beauty in heightened, like a rose in the morning, 
first rain in May, the passing of day and night, and the march of seasons.  

Rainbow - likened to the cycle of life - its birth and death, glory and fall, its simplicity grandeur, its independence and attachment to all things, visible and invisible.

Rainbow - now you see it, now you don't, a puzzle to the old and young in all walks of life, yet seeing it best with a clear mind, pure heart and spirit.

Rainbow - it conquers gloom, sows hope, builds the biggest, the most beautiful and magnificent arch of the world that bestows honor to everyone. 

Rainbow - the cathedral in the sky that brings the faithful of all beliefs together in awe and respect to the Creator, the unifying grace of all mankind.  

Rainbow - too high, too far, too abstract, yet to the children it is near, it is real and true; rainbow the symbol of beauty and hope, it comes when the sky is gloomy and dark. ~

Rainbow comes down to earth in many ways - in flowers in spring, leaves in autumn, mountains at sunrise, reflection of lakes, spray of running streams, mirage in deserts, feathers of fowls, and the like.  The rainbow is commonly imitated in man-made structures and designs, and many items of trade and commerce.

Living things like this rainbow fish have captured through evolution the colors and pattern of the rainbow, assuring them of their place in the living world.   

Music for Kids - where shall they begin?

Dr Abe V Rotor
Music revival for kids.   

Music for kids -
where shall they begin?
They begin in growing up
curious, inquisitive, sensitive
to sound with quality,
notes and melody.

A note here, a note there,

Mozart the kid babysitting,
barely reaching the piano,
composed a lullaby,
world's most popular
cradle song.

Today's rap and tap

are music denied;
drums dull, cymbals empty, 
ye-ye-ye - defeatist 
version of simpleton
of the finest piece. 

But they insist, these kids;

instant guitar, violin,
piano, keyboard:
opera, concert, aria -
Can't they wait?
Only one of so many.

To make music instant,

push buttons, shout, dance,
be weird, grotesque,
a little puff here, too,
music like weeds is
never music at all.

What is music then? 

the waves, stream on the rocks,
fiddling cricket, lamb, frog, 
passing breeze in the leaves
the thunder - noise tamed
in strings wind, percussion.

How they wish, these kids

someday in their hands
music flows, through breath  
the sweetest song;
but where do they begin?
It is in believing they can. ~

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Spice up your life with superstitious beliefs

Spice up your life with superstitious beliefs
Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature School on Blog []
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Mely C Tenorio, 738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday (Phase II 2006 to present)

1. Garlic drives the aswang away.
If aswang (vampire) being referred to are pests and diseases, then there is scientific explanation to offer, because garlic contains a dozen substances that have pesticidal, anti-microbial and antiviral properties such as allicin, allithiamin and aliin, from which the scientific name of the plant was derived – Allium sativum. Garlic is placed on doorways, in the kitchen and some corners of the house where vermin usually hide, which is 

Garlic grown in the Ilocos region is more pungent and aromatic than imported garlic

also practiced in other countries. Garlic odor is an effective repellant against insects and rodents – and to many people, also to evil spirits, such as the manananggal (half-bodied vampire).     

2. Fruit trees watered with sugar solution bear sweet fruits.
Plants do not directly take in sugar as animals do.  Besides, sugar, like any organic compound, will break down into simple substances and elements through fermentation and decomposition, becoming ultimately inorganic substances. Some of these compounds and elements, especially nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) are useful for plants to grow and develop. The decomposition process may also alter the pH of the soil that may be more favorable.  

3. Nakakapagpagaling ang laway sa nausog. (A little saliva relieves someone who was chanced upon by the unseen.)  
Old folks tell us that a person who is nausog must have trespassed or offended the spirits. He perspires, becomes cold, pale and weak, and chances are he suffers of stomach cramp or headache. In the village, people know who have the power to heal the nausog. He may be a person close to the soul of a departed in the place, or one who knows where the di-katataoan (spirit, literally non-person) is residing.  He applies saliva on the painful part of the body, imploring help and asking forgiveness. Sometimes, the clothes of the dead are used to wipe the patient. Sometimes, fresh leaves of orange, lemon. eucalyptus are macerated and used as aroma therapy.  Or it could be incense or burned leaves of kamias and other plants. At the end, the patient survives amidst all the attention and remedies.

4. Hanging bottles on the trellis of gourd plants induces fruiting.
Old folks believe in decoy to induce fruiting.  This is why they hang bottles on the trellis, and the more, the better the harvest. I have seen a squash trellis appearing like pabitin in fiestas. There is no scientific explanation to this of course, except that the bottles may serve somehow as deterrent against pranks and thieves. 

It could be for the reason that the colors, the pendulum movement, and occasional chimes of hanging bottles repel fruit flies, a major pest of fruits of cucurbits and other plants.  I would venture to add to the explanation that water trapped in the hanging bottles is a breeding place of mosquitoes and other insects that attract predators such as preying mantis, spiders, and house lizards. In effect these predators protect the crops from pests, and therefore, more of their fruits develop.

5. Harelip or cleft lip is the result of an accident when the baby was still in the womb.
When a mother accidentally falls, or is bumped, the baby she is carrying gets injured. The baby in the womb, by instinct sucks its thumb, so that we are made to believe that the injury is in the upper lips.

Actually, harelip - named after the shape of the lips of the hare or rabbit – is a result of incomplete fusion of the embryo’s facial parts early in prenatal development. It is a congenital abnormality. Slight cleft lip can be easily repaired by surgery. Cosmetic surgery to minimize the scar may be desirable when the child is a few years older.  

6. If a Fortune plant received as a gift bears flower, it is a sign of good luck; if it dies it is an omen of bad luck.
Fortune plant (Dracaena) is propagated by cutting.  The cutting is first allowed to produce new shoots before it is placed in a vase or dish. Water is regularly replaced, and once in a while the plant is taken out under the sun to give it vigor. Dracaena directly planted in pots and in the ground grows into a small tree and may bear a bouquet of flowers especially during the cold months, if properly tended. One must have a green thumb, so to speak, which often accompanies happy disposition and diligence.

7. Inadvertently wearing reverse clothes (baliktad) leads one to marry a widow or old maid.  
It’s a case of poor eyesight, or mali-mali (habitual forgetfulness). I know of guys who are not too concerned with their grooming. They are occupied with many things. Someone would even suspect, “Siguro mahilig yong mama na yan.’” (Maybe the guy  is naughty.) Anyone who lacks proper grooming may not have much chance building admiration in one whom he may wish to marry.  Whatever, somehow, sometime, someone comes along and finds the guy worth building a future together. It is likely one who can influence him to be concerned with the finer things in life.
8. It’s customary to first spill a little of your wine in deference to the  spirits.
And say a little prayer, too, to appease the souls and spirits. It is a sign of peace and respect not only to the memory of the departed souls and spirits of the place, but also a gesture to the host and company. But please do it discreetly and with finesse.
9. It’s lucky to find a four-leaf clover.
There are freaks in nature all around us.  Some are common, others occur only in a million chances. It is the latter that people who find them feel they are favored by some kind of luck.

But we also fancy on common ones like an elephant shaped papaya fruit, twin bunches of banana, ginseng root forked like beautiful legs, squash fruit with a face, and the like. These are deviations that appear suddenly and unexpectedly. Nature after all is not perfect.  It also commits errors, and these errors may occur only temporarily in the organism concerned, or it is passed on to its offspring – which is the key to speciation, a progressive deviation of traits that ultimately leads to the making of a new species.    

Try your luck again if you can’t find a real clover leaf representing the logo of the Boy Scout. Steal a leaf of makahiya, one that does not droop, and your wish – any wish – will be granted. 
10. Mothers place the extracted tooth of their children under the pillow or mat so that the good tooth fairy will come to replace it.
Actually this is an act of making a wish that psychologically reduces pain. It gives us a happy aura, pep and a positive feeling that promotes good health. We wish for many things, but we must always strive to get them. The tooth is a souvenir that keeps memories alive, that brings out the happy childhood in us in later years.  Listen to the song My Favorite Things (Sound of Music) and you won’t feel so bad.~ 

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Monday, February 18, 2013

Spanish system of volumetric measurement in the Philippines

Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature School on Blog []
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Mely C Tenorio, 738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday (Phase II 2006 to present)

Dama Juana, early glass jar was introduced by the Spaniards mainly for wine, like basi (Ilocos Wine). Its content is approximately 5 gallons - equivalent to that of common plastic jars today.
The Spaniards introduced into the Philippines a practical system of volume (in lieu of weight) measurement which we used for almost 400 years. Some of them are still being used today.

This system applies mainly to agricultural crops - rice, corn, mungo, muscovado sugar, sesame, beans, flour of rice, corn and cassava, and the like. It is also used in measuring fish and fish products like ipon (dulong), dilis (dried anchovies), salt, suso (snail), padas (fry of samaral fish) and other small fishes.

The system consists of the following units, systematically patterned as follows: 

  • cavan
  • ganta (or salop)
  • litro
  • chupa.
  • gantilla
There are six chupa in a ganta, twenty-five ganta to make a cavan. There is also litro, equivalent to four chupa, and gantilla, eight of which is equivalent to one ganta. Except for the cavan which is made of jute sack, these measuring tools is made of wood having the same dimension on all sides and bottom.

Spain did not invent this system; it evolved in early Europe and Middle East, which in turn was introduced into the Philippines. Remember the story of Alibaba in One-Thousand-and-One Arabian Nights? The story tells how Alibaba's brother came to know of his secret of having found a treasure. A gold coin stuck at the bottom of a ganta!

How accurate is the system?

I remember old folks saying, it depends if you have "light hands" - meaning when measuring, say rice, pour the rice lightly into the ganta and run a lever quickly across its top to level it, so fast and light, it's like a sleight of the hand. The idea is to avoid compressing the content.

As a kid I tried the technique. It's true. Test it by measuring the commodity, compact it by tapping the ganta real hard on a solid surface. You will notice how the content "shrinks." That's how much you gain having the gift of "light hand". Which to some people is like having a Green Thumb.

But here is a malpractice of vendors. Place your thumb as deep as possible into the container, and while filling it up, discreetly elevate your thumb to create a space inside. This is done on commodities you don't have to use the level, like ipon, monamon, ariyawyaw, sapsap, padas - and other kinds of small fish. But culprits can't escape the watchful eyes of experienced customers.

The Spanish volumetric system was popularly adopted during the whole Spanish period in the Philippines, extending to the Commonwealth era and thereafter,. It was phased out only recently with the introduction of the international Metric System.

However, we still use cavan today, now standardized to 5o kgs in weight. Fish is sold wholesale inbaƱera, fruits like mango are packed in tiklis, tomatoes and pomelo oranges in standard size wooden boxes. There are still ganta and chupa used in the market, and Filipinos being innovative, have alternative measurements duplicating the obsolete volumetric system. Del Monte can is approximately one ganta, sardine can for chupa, table glass for gantilla.

A dozen of eggs, please. Isang piling (sapad Ilk) na saging. Pinch of salt. Isang dakot na bigas. One cup of milk. A flock of sheep. A truck of gravel. One light year is 186,000 miles per second. Micron is one-millionth of a mete. How about nanometer? Megapixel?

Indeed measurements have evolved a long, long way. ~

Sunday, February 17, 2013

UST-AB Assignment: The Teacher-Researcher

Dr. Abe V. Rotor

 Lecture Outline on Research for 3CA1 and 3CA3, Ust Faculty of Arts and Letters
 February 18, 2013 Monday (3CA1 3 to 6 pm ; February 22, 2013, Friday 3CA3 9 to 12)

Paaralng Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Mely C Tenorio, 738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday (Phase II 2006 to present)
Living with Nature School on Blog []

Fallen cross on a belfry ruin, Bacarra, Ilocos Norte

 It's a kids' world: bamboo poles and Palm Sunday palaspas for sale. 
 Quaintness of living has gone too far .
 AWays of Researchers

  • ·       Hook and Line
  • ·       White Gown
  • ·       “Frankenstein”
  • ·       Entrepreneur
  • ·       Continuing
B. Stages of a “Sageing”

  • ·       The Age of Becoming (adventure and discovery)
  • ·       The Age of Overcoming (mastery)
  • ·       Age of the Forthcoming (Integrity and Harmony)

  •         Youth – Blunder, also Opportunity
  •         Middle Age – Regret, also Fulfillment
  •         Old Age – Curse, also Wisdom
C.The ABH (Always Busy and in a Hurry) Person

  • ·       He is here and he is not here; anywhere but here.
  • ·       Often unhappy with what he has, with where he is.
  • ·       Imagines success, happiness and contentment to be external and distant
  • ·       Not physically, emotionally and spiritually involved.
  • ·       He is not living fully; he is Tomorrow’s Child.
D. The Control Freak

  • ·       He wants to be in control in everything and everyone.
  • ·       Deep inside he does not trust himself.
  • ·       Very organized but always worried.
  E. The Cheerful Robot

  • ·       Afraid to take the initiative, drifts with the current
  • ·       Creature of routine
  • ·       Contented with mediocrity
  F. Cynic (Frustrated Idealist)

  • ·       Incurable critic
  • ·       Always complaining
  • ·       Envious and jealous
  G. The Hoarder

  • ·       He has insatiable want, forgetting what he truly needs. (Bill Gates)
  • ·       He is trapped in the fear of losing what he has.
  • ·       He needs to escape from the suffocating clutches of his possession
 H. The Pleaser

  • ·       His self-image relies on public approval (KSP)
  • ·       He can’t say, NO without feeling guilty.
  • ·       He overburdens himself with promises he can’t fulfill
I. The Pretender

  • ·       He wears many masks he has forgotten his real face.
  • ·       A jack of all trades, a master of none.
 J. The Addict

  • ·       He is excessively devoted to or burdened compulsively and habitually at something or someone.
·   Begging for a seat in school  painting unknown   

  •      He is obsessed with alcohol, smoking, sex, TV, computer, money, and car - even religion.
  K. What a Professor Researcher should have

  • ·       Humility – sincerely accepting “who I am and what I am doing that I can, to become what God wants me to be.”
  • ·       Simplicity – focusing one’s attention on what truly matters in life.
  • ·       Integrity – (integer is whole) wholeness leads to holiness.
 L. How to Live Life
1.  Practice your religion.  Religion is the most profound revolution.

  • ·       Life is a journey.
  • ·       Life is beautiful.
(If you don’t see it, you will miss it.)

  • ·       Life is precious
(Don’t miss the happy moments.)

  • ·       Life is short
(If you don’t look around, you will miss it.)

  • ·       Breath, rest, take time out
(Sabbath Day, siesta and holiday)

2. Don’t sacrifice your family on the altar of your career

      3. Be prepared to experience the Crises of Limit

  • ·       Crucial periods and vulnerability
  • ·       Know the boundaries, borders and confines
  • ·       The Unfinished Business
  • ·       The crisis of bodily change. The body never lies.
  • ·       The crisis of effectiveness
  • ·       The crisis of death awareness
“Everyday I am doing something beautiful to God.”  - Mother Theresa
Totus tuus.” (Everything I do, I do for God.)   - Pope John Paul II
“Don’t judge yourself with what you do, but the meaning of your work,”  - Francis Thompson, The Hound of Heaven.

Reference: Lecture of by Rev Fr. Rolando de la Rosa, former rector, UST in a Seminar-workshop for the Graduate School faculty, 2009. 
 Towards self sufficiency
 Super infrastructure
 Environmental conservation 
Global Warming