Saturday, August 31, 2013

UST AB Photography Refresher Topics (Lesson for Sept 2, 2013)

Dr Abe V Rotor

Prelims will include critiquing and analyzing photos, essay and objective  questions from previous lectures.
Lecture Topics 
  1. People 
  2. The natural world 
  3. Animals
  4. Buildings
  5. Sports 
  6. Babies and children
  7. Lighting - contrast, background, lighting effects 
  8. Black and white photographs
  9. Looking for subjects, and variety 
  10. Using lines, parallels,  curves, weaves 
  11. Shutter and aperture, exposure
  12. Composition 
  13. Viewpoint, effects of the horizon
  14. Framing
  15. Balance, colors as emphasis, contrast 
  16. Lenses, effects, creativity 
  17. Filters 
  18. Flash 
  19. Parties, celebrations
  20. Night photography 
  21. Still life
  22. The Tripod
  23. Camera effects
  24. Using movements
  25. Combining images

Friendly Monster

Dr Abe V Rotor 
Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 KHz DZRB AM Band, 8-9 evening class, Monday to Friday

You hide in the dark and deep,
     Then come out into the open;
You sail the seas along with ships;
     Or stay lurking at the bend.

Seemingly you're tame and kind,
     As you roam free in the wild,
Your music from pipe and lyre,
     Tempting, lovely and mild.

Sometimes you come to our call
     To scare naughty children,
To temper them brave and tall,
     In finding you their friend. ~

Wednesday, August 28, 2013

Which one is more famous - the Banaue Rice Terraces or the Great Wall of China?

Dr Abe V Rotor
Banaue Rice Terraces, Philippines and The Great Wall of China

I walked the rice terraces
from Earth to moon and back;
on the moon I saw the Great Wall
gray, with color of crimson spill,
cries of Genghis Khan I heard,
and echoes of moaning chill.

I walked the rice terraces round the Earth
many times the length of the Great Wall,
green on one side, golden on the other;
songs I heard are thanksgiving,
in ritual rhythm rise echoing a past, 
a past still living.~

NOTE: Both the Banaue Rice Terrces and the Great Wall of China are among the top wonders of the world and adjudged UNESCO Heritage sites.

Camera - the Third Eye (UST-AB 3CA1, 2, 3, 4)

Dr Abe V Rotor  

Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School-on-Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 KHz DZRB AM Band, 8-9 evening class, Monday to Friday
Assignment: Interpret this article 

A raft lies among the rocks 
as the waves roll forever, 
the breeze hisses in the tree 
in the lazy air of summer.

Love that camera, it's your third eye,
the window to the world in passing; 
as never in another time ever again, 
on this way or that before you die.

When the world is up or down, you go
down the lane and around the bend, 
in times of plenty or dire in comfort, 
the camera shall bring in the rainbow.  

Magic does technology amaze us all, 
work in a lifetime is but a moment,
and the artist is each and every one,
with a little of Da Vinci et al in full.    

Take the road, the sun, make haste,
for having lost your prime and hale,
the lens too, clouds out like the eye,
the window closes. Oh, what a waste!

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

I walked among young artists in their unique world

Dr Abe V Rotor
Inter-collegiate painting contest held on  the University of Santo Tomas grounds, December 2012.  Note: These photos are unedited. Taken with ordinary palm size digital camera. No flash, no tripod, no filters used.

Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday
First, Cubism - 
Cezanne, founder of Impressionism, 
to Van Gogh's crossroad to Expressionism; 
Picasso's three movements to Fauvism 
to Dali's Surrealism.
Silence and quiet -
the artist's unspoken dialect;
eerie to us, and very strange, 
we living on short range. 
                                                                 Beauty in ugliness,
could it be otherwise?
Ask the artists,
the dumb and the wise.
In art there's no time out,
and there's no turnabout; 
wait for the artist's signature, 
his imprimatur.
It is meditation, reflection;
the artist works best 
in the worst condition.
Make a hero, a saint, a queen,
that person who could have been;
not obliging to the throng
even if he may be wrong. 
Singular mind, crowded mind,
would not at all make a difference;
art lives on boundless images to bind, 
on dusty volumes of reference. 
Critics, spectators - 
deep inside a longing 
to be also actors,
wishing, seeking.   
The work is done, the day is gone,
it's worth getting up and retiring;
whether complete or not well done,  
there's no perfect painting.
Where is the artist ?
his paints are fresh, 
his brush idly sits - 
he deserves a rest.
One last look - near and far -
which has a better view?
look again but refrain
from too much review.  
Respite - to us, it's recess; 
take it easy, have composure,  
when too much stress
steals away the picture. 
Late to start? 
not always to the smart;
art takes time to incubate,
 on canvas to recreate.    
Finishing touches,
prudence, prudence,
one false move loses
the whole essence.  
Giving up  ones art?
Absurd? Hark! 
artist and his art
shall never part. 
The contest closes with the day,
leaving the world on canvas to say,
our prayer of thanksgiving,
in each artist's painting.

Monday, August 26, 2013

Blind Shrimp - on the Road to Speciation

Blind Shrimp - on the Road to Speciation
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday
Blind Shrimp. This microscopic Crustacean is similar to a specimen found living in deep open wells in Sinait, Ilocos Sur, by Professor Juan Campos and the author in 1979. A classical example of speciation, this species has forever lost eyesight, now replaced by super sensitive tactile sense. Its presence in a number of wells in the area suggests that there is a common underground river or aquifer through which this creature can pass, using a well-developed appendage which works like a catapult.

I let the rope down as I peered,
and down the bucket disappeared;
the well is bottomless it seemed,
'til the rope went forever limb.

I felt the bucket full and bound,
as it went down without a sound,
until it hit a hidden spring,
as I hoped for a prize to bring.

Through the microscope’s aperture,
appeared a frail and blind creature,
with a long antennae for vision
and a springtail for action.

Equally blind I could have been,
had I not with inner eye seen
the little monster in the dark,
counterpart of Jurassic Park.

For a lost lamb Nature pleases
to make it a new species
now different from its own kind,
orphaned – and forever blind.~

From Sunshine on Raindrops by AV Rotor, Megabooks 2000; acknowledgment: adapted from photo by Nick Baker, Google, Wikipedia

UST GS Jatropa controls pest snail

Jatropa controls pest snail
Dr Abe V Rotor 
Living with Nature - School on Blog 
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
 738 KHz DZRB AM Band, 8-9 evening class, Monday to Friday

Scientists Dr Domindo Tapiador of UN-FAO (left) and Dr AV Rotor
examine Jatropa tree at the St Paul University Botanical Garden, QC.
With them is Mr Dell H Grecia (center), veteran journalist and
columnist of Women Journal and Ating Alamin Gazette.

The leaf extract of tubang bakod (Jatropha curcas) found growing wild on wastelands is effective in controlling golden or apple snail, Pomacea caniculata.

Ingestion of the bait prepared with one part of the crude extract with 10 parts rice bran (darak) resulted in sure death of the pest in both its immature and adult stages, thus preventing the pest from further destroying standing rice crop or spreading to nearby fields.

It will be recalled that the golden snail was introduced into the country in the seventies as supplemental food, but later turned maverick, and is now in the rank of pest, which includes stemborers and leafhoppers that attack rice and other crops.

The finding is traced to a thesis defended by Marie Shiela Alberto for a BS Biology degree at then St Paul College QC. Dr Anselmo S Cabigan, a well known biologist, and former director for research of the National Food Authority was the adviser.

Dr Cabigan emphasized the safe nature of botanical pesticides which are readily biodegradable, besides being practical in field application. Today some 2 million hectares of ricefields which harbor this pest stand to benefit from the result of this study.

Schistizomiasis Control

Jatropha curcas
was also found effective in controlling the snail vector (Oncomelana quadrasi) of Schistozomiasis, a dreaded parasite that affects humans in tropical countries, the Philippines among the most affected. I had a chance to work in a project to drain and farm the fringes of the huge Sab-A Basin in Leyte. Various methods of controlling Schistozomiasis was conducted in consultation with the local Schistozomiasis Control Center headed by a certain Dr Blas. The vastness of the swamp needed a more extensive study to eradicate the snail and consequently the disease.

Direct Control Method

Here is a practical method I learned from farmers. Plant Jatropha on the high levees where it can grow into a small tree. Prune periodically the growing rice crop. Chopped and spread on the flooded field. Apply once or twice, on the early and late growing period of the crop. The biomass when decomposed will also serve as organic fertilizer.

NOTE: The plan to produce biofuel from Jatropha opens a potential source of natural pesticide.
The active principle, although biodagradable, may be poisonous to other organisms, including fish, amphibians, beneficial insects, and the like. Toxicology studies should emphasize safety to humans and the environment as well.~

Sunday, August 25, 2013

The Pig - Uncouth Friend

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

Old folks tell us of many unusual things about pigs. It is uncouth to call a person a pig, and these are the reasons.

• Pigs, by their physical built, can’t look up in the sky. They always look downtrodden.

• Pigs are the only animals that will drink hard liquor voluntarily – and you know what happens next.

• Pigs are carriers of diseases and parasites transmitted to human, such as tapeworm and hookworm. Pork is high in cholesterol and uric acid that cause many ailments.

• They are voracious (sarabusab Ilk) and omnivorous, eating on almost anything, including spoiled food and wastes of other animals.

• They have a poor digestive system; the smell of their sty is almost unbearable.

• Their barrel shape bodies are a perfect model of obesity.

On the brighter side of these obnoxious habits and other undesirable characteristics that we may attribute to the pig, it is surprising to know - and we should be thankful - that the pig's heart, being compatible with ours, has been used in heart tissue transplants. Thousands of heart patients owe their lives to the lowly pig.

x x x

Friday, August 23, 2013


Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday
Lifesaver's high chair
A pair of beach sandals
Rescue boat sits still

I am the wind that blows the sail, the waves to the shore,
     I ride with the sea, far and wide, again and again;
I tire not 'til the sun sets into the horizon brief for the night, 
     then find rest in the stillness of the sea and plain;

I am the sea, boundary of land and sky, blue when deep, 
     silver in fury, incessantly advancing, retreating;
I cover most of the earth, home of creatures in my depth, 
     I too, deserve a break, respite until morning. 

I am the sky, golden in the morning, ember in the sunset,
     a rainbow I build,  a cathedral for the faithful,
I carry the birds migrating and airplanes crisscrossing,
     then rest in the doldrums before my goal.   

I am the soul restless, living in transience and searching
     for that island happy, devoid of pride and ego;
I am the tourist of the world without country, without name, 
     vagabond in the ways of the gods of long ago. ~  

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

UST-AB Photography Assignment: Photo Editing

 Dr Abe V Rotor 
3CA1, 2, 3, 4Choose eight (8) of these unedited photos taken in Bohol recently to be edited. Come up with a theme or subject for your choice photos. Write the caption for each photo, and a story that relates them together, in essay or poetry. Vary the sizes of the photos to fit with the layout you have in mind.   

The objective of editing is primarily to enhance the quality of photos for print publication. Avoid alteration that may destroy the photo's  naturalness and authenticity.  Print your output on two-page regular bond. Avoid decoration and fancy arrangement. Suggested fonts: Arial 14 for text, 12 for caption, and 18 for title. Use these adjustments with the Adobe Photoshop program.
  • Cropping
  • Alignment 
  • Brightness
  • Contrast 
  • Color Balance 
  • Hue
This assignment will be part of your prelim grades. Please submit this Friday (3CA3 and 4) and Monday (3CA1 & 2). 

BONUS: If you are involved in rehabilitation, assistance to victims of the recent typhoon, have joined relief and medical missions, feeding programs in evacuation centers, and the like, submit photos showing you in action.  Write a story regarding your involvement.