Monday, January 25, 2016

Answers to Self-administered Test on Rice

Dr Abe V Rotor
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri, March 31, 2008

  1. Percent of rice hull – 25 %   T
  2. Area planted to rice 4 m  F
  3. Pinawa = to whole wheat  T
  4. Kiskisan predominates milling more than 55- 60 percent total milling  T
  5. PH losses from threshing to retailing is up to 40% F (more)
(Photo: Indigenous rice dehuller, NFA Museum)
  1. Rice has protein value equivalent to that of legumes – F
  2. Vietnam, Thailand are the largest exporters of rice to the Phil – T
  3. IRRI varieties have virtually vanished in local fields of Asia and Africa  T
  4. Rice substitution should ideally be of other grains like wheat – F
  5. Root crops and legumes are the main substitute of rice in rural area – T
  6. Meat economy means converting grains into meat – T
  7. Meat economy is the alternative to grain economy where grain production is not sufficient – F
  8.  Palagad or dry season rice crop is more productive than that of regular crop T
  9. Rice producing countries in continental Asia relies much of the melting snow of the Himalayas T
  10. Rice also contains gluten – leavening protein in wheat.  F
  11. Imported rice is inferior (especially from Thailand and Vietnam) to local rice F
  12. Tikitiki is derived from corn.  F
  13. 25 % of Filipinos are corn eaters  F
  14. We are self sufficient in corn at present – the problem is rice shortage  F
  15. Rice is more readily digested than wheat and corn   T
  16. The Philippines was a rice exporter for several years during the Marcos administration  T
  17. US supplies rice regularly to the Phil through PL140 or Kennedy Round 2  T
  18. Our average production in rice and corn is one of the lowest in the world.  T
  19. Milling recovery on the average is 65 percent. F
  20. Among the pest of rice are stemborers in the field, and rice weevils in the warehouse.  T
  21. Varieties tagged in the market are not the true varieties.  T
  22. Sinandomeng, Raminad, Wagwag, Intan are fancy varieties, if not old varieties, which are no longer officially recognized by the seed board.  T
  23. The IRRI variety series was up to IR 76 sometime in the eighties  T
  24. Golden rice (genetically modified) is an original contribution of IRRI, now being worked on for multiplication  F (Swiss scientist on japonica rice)
  25. People who eat corn are more resistant and sturdy   T
  26. Philrice developed the hybrid rice  T
  27. Hybrid rice, true to its name, is resistant to all major insect pests and diseases. F
  28. Maya is an important pest of rice in the field, as well as inside warehouses.  F
  29. Practically wastage is not thought of on the farm because range chicken glean on leftovers   T
  30. The longest dryer of palay in the world is ion the Philippines – believe it or not.  T
  31. Rice harvest in the dry season comes ahead in Cagayan Valley than  in  Central Luzon     F
  32. It is possible that imported rice and locally produced rice are indisguisable because both come from one kind of rice – O sativa. T
  33. Oryza japonica is also grown in the Philippines in commercial quantity – but quite expensive  F
  34. US rice is what they call as long grain variety, also of the sativa type, but it is gown upland  T
  35. Upland rice is more aromatic than lowland rice in general  T (Milagrosa)
  36. When you buy rice see to it that the grain is not chalky, more of whole than brokens, smells without trace of fungus odor.  T
  37. Newly harvested rice leavens better than old stock, it remains soft longer F
  38. Buffer stock means in the law, 90-day supply for the whole country in the custody of government warehouses  F
  39. NFA together with NIA and NEA were the three model agencies during the Marcos regime, which inspires a number of countries to study and adopt – among them Thailand, China, Vietnam and SA and Africa. T
  40. Masagana 99 was a success politically.  Its socio economic benefit was far reaching.  Only that it was based on high technology, energy-dependent, and financially-heavy – all these became unaffordable to the local farmers.  T
  41. Agrarian program is too social-justice centered, dragged on for years without adequate financing and infrastructure, alienated legitimate landowners, and destroyed the principle of economics of scale.  T
  42. Our failure in agrarian reform exacerbates our non-competitiveness with other countries under the WTO. T
  43. Our Banaue rice terraces is a victim of modern rice technology. T
  44. It is important to fallow the land – three croppings of rice a year will drain the soil, makes it acidic and ultimately become spent even before our children’s time.  T
  45. RCPCC precursor of NAFC – now NFAC was composed of 24 agencies which conceived and managed the successful implementation of Masagana 99, Maisan 77 and other self-sufficiency program of the government under Marcos time. T

1. Pirurutong Rice that is all black – hull, bran, grain, including starch, especially when cooked.
2. English term for the unicorn of rice grain  - “awn”.

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