Wednesday, January 30, 2013

UST AB Assignment: Rural Entrepreneurship: Grassroots Economics in Action

Dr Abe V Rotor 
A lecture outline on rural entrepreneurship
Communication Art: (3CA3, 3CA1, and 4CA5) Feature a model rural enterprise.  Cite facts and references.  Regular bond, handwritten.

Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB AM Band, Evening Class, Monday to Friday

 Farm-to-market enterprise (Manaoag Pangasinan); fishpen tilapia culture 
(Tiaong Quezon); bamboocraft (Bilanonan, Pangasinan)


 Give a man a fish and he will live for a day;(aids, grants, donations, etc)
    Teach a man how to fish, and he will live for many days, (skills development)
if I may add on following the trend of Confucian philosophy-
   “ Guide a man to raise fish, he will live for a lifetime.” (entrepreneurship)
1.    The rationale of rural entrepreneurship finds no reason for debate among those who      believe in such principles of development based on
·         internal growth
·         bottom-up approach
·         grassroots-based
·         people empowerment

2. Rural entrepreneurship focuses attention to the solution of present ills of Philippine society characterized by
·         exodus to cities and other urban areas
·         hemorrhage of human resources attracted by opportunities abroad.
·         mass poverty (around 50 percent living below the poverty line.)
·         poor quality of life, as a consequence.
·         reliance on external-led economic formula

3. Enterprise system provides/strengthens the links of

farm and market
production and processing
research and technology
principal and secondary processing
enhances value-added to products
equitable sharing of the benefits among the various sectors involved, 
optimum utilization of resources, 
reliable delivery/ distribution of goods

 The system leads on to the development of a higher level of enterprise which may involve diversification and integration, export- directed products, and the like, all leading to a common idea that entrepreneurship encompasses a wide range of business opportunities which leads us to two topics: leadership and enterprise models.

4.    Entrepreneurship rests on quality leadership and proven projects models. There are three phases of development, namely: social preparation, technical, and entrepreneurial preparations. 

5. Rural enterprise models of local or indigenous setting are found almost everywhere. To cite

  • Multiple cropping systems of Cavite and Ilocos (high- value crops revolving on rice and corn)
  • Agro-industrial in Bulacan and Laguna (Village- based dairy, food processing, etc)
  • Multipurpose cooperatives (rice milling and trading, market vending, irrigation, etc). There are many advantages of adopting local models, especially if they lend themselves to practical innovations. But this should not close our sight to suitable foreign models.

Typical buko (young coconut) station 

4. On the macro level, rural entrepreneurship must be extended necessary support and protection mainly through government policies like
  • Protectionism to guard against unfair competition particularly from foreign enterprises/ interventions,( A review of the import liberalization policy is deemed necessary.)
  • Removal of unnecessary bureaucratic control/ barrier·  
  • Assurance of peace and order
  • Provision of basic infrastructure
  • Physical (Roads, Bridges, port facilities, etc.)
  • Social (Cooperative structure, “Kalakalan 20” or family based- village type enterprise structure)
  • Education - emphasis should be towards functional literacy (one out of 4 Filipinos are functionally illiterate. Less than 10 percent of agriculture graduates go into farming)

As a rural enterprise grows it strives for viability and self-reliance, working on the principle of cooperation and linkages with other sectors and organizations. Government provides a protective umbrella that is important to enhance the growth and the development of rural enterprises. 

5. Unity of economics and ecology in rural entrepreneurship.

·    The “Unity of Enterprise” must be attuned to the “unity of the environment.”  The environment should be regarded as an ecosystem where all parts harmoniously work together. We help the ecosystem sustain its balance by protecting our forests, rivers, plains, coral reefs, and  other ecosystems.

Entrepreneurship should aim at enhancing the ecosystem’s balance, this being the foundation of sustainable productivity, the most important heritage we can pass on to the next generations.

On the enterprise level (micro), the concept of optimum resource utilization can be translated through vertical and horizontal integration. The Buspan (Bulacan) Multipurpose Cooperative embarked into this kind of integrated enterprise which has the following components: irrigation, rice milling, warehousing, input distribution, credit, waste recycling, grain drying, root crops and vegetable growing, and soon, cattle fattening

I hope that this article has opened up greater awareness on rural entrepreneurship as a vital component of any development formula. In fact, in many instances it is the formula itself. 

Rural entrepreneurship and cooperativism ideally go together. They provide a system for  collective expression, of thinking together, of sharing benefits and well as facing challenges, by working together, and moving forward together towards a common aspiration and goal.

                                             x       x       x                            


Take a break with Domestic Jokes

Selected by Dr Abe V Rotor

1. The many faces of Peace
Peace is often mispronounced and a butt of jokes: fish, feast, piss, fish be with you, phase 1- phase 2, piece of paper, may you rest in peace (good sleep). – (Fr. Jerry Orbos, June 11, 2006)

2. Count
What comes after five? Six, po. 7? Eight, po. Who taught you how to count? My father, po. What comes next after ten? Jack, po. (Fr. Jerry Orbos, June 11, 2006)

3. Grabe!
Two magkumare talking. “I am worried about my husband. Gabi na, siguro pumunta na naman sa kanyang chicks.”
Ang pessimistic mo naman. Na accidente lang yan.” (Fr. Jerry Orbos, October 2006)

4. Just to show you
A wife was frying eggs for her husband’s breakfast. Suddenly her husband burst into the kitchen, “Careful…
CAREFUL! Put in some more butter! Oh my GOD! You’re cooking too many at once. TOO MANY! Turn them! TURN THEM NOW! We need more butter. Oh my GOD! WHERE are we going to get MORE BUTTER? They’re going to STICK! Careful… CAREFUL! I said be CAREFUL! You NEVER listen to me when you’re cooking! Never! Don’t forget to salt them. Use the salt. USE THE SALT! THE SALT!”

The wife stared at him. “What the hell is wrong with you? You think I don’t know how to fry eggs?”

The husband calmly replied, “I wanted to show you how it feels like to have you sitting next to me when I’m driving. ~

Monday, January 28, 2013

Are you a candidate of heart attack?

Dr Abe V Rotor

You can tell if a person is a candidate of heart attack by his features and life style. (May palatandaan ang isang tao na madaling maatake.)

Heart attacks have been linked to diet (eating too much fatty food), excessive smoking and obesity, and also to less obvious risk factors. Old folks associate the following observations to heart attack.

• Baldness – Medical research found out that a shiny spot on top of the head has been linked to a risk in heart attack three times higher than average.
• Body shape – Being overweight is bad enough, but a person whose fat lies more in the abdomen than the hips is especially prone to heart attack. Too much fat in the middle is sure sign of vulnerability to heart attack.

Smoking and high cholesterol contribute to heart attack.

• Bad gums – True. People with periodontal disease have higher risk of heart attack by nearly twice. Bacteria may enter the blood and cause deadly clots.

• Foul weather – Exposure to very cool temperatures can trigger heart attacks as well as angina and strokes. Extreme hot temperature has similar effects. Summer strokes are common.

• Day of the week and time of the day – Cardiac events tend to occur most often between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m. on Mondays and Fridays. Cardiac attack takes its toll on very busy people who do know their limits.

A man in his middle age who has these features, who is careless to his health, and comes from a family with a history of heart attack is virtually a dead man walking. ~
Obesity not only increases health risks but also reduces life expectancy. it is associated with  diabetes, coronary heart disease, cancers, and gall bladder disease. (FNRI, Internet).

12 Reasons I love to paint landscapes

Dr Abe V Rotor
 Mural, Light through the Woods, 2010
 Mural, Convergence of Nature 2010
 A thing of beauty is a boy forever 2008
                                        Mural detail, Whispering Stream (2006)
Detail of hanging mural, Dumaguete Seaport in the early nineties, 2000
Living along a stream, 2008; Old lighthouse mural detail, circa 1995; 
Silence of the Pond; wall mural, Upland, author's residence 2002 
Old Stone House, 1969; mural detail Sunken Pier 2005
Arial View of Hills and Streams on the Cordillera 
Rampage (2008)
 Mural detail, Coral Reef, 2000
 Mural detail St Paul College WWII (2000); DLSU-DasmariƱas campus (2003)
A forest of fire trees (2009)
Mural Forest Stream, author's residence 2007

1. I love to paint landscapes; it opens before me the biggest stage, the biggest screen,  the widest view of the world, combining the land, the water and the sky in unity and harmony. 

2. I love to paint landscapes; it takes me to the world of imagery where reality and fantasy blend into a unique beauty that exists in neither realm. 

3. I love to paint landscapes; it presents the original creation in its pristine state developed through millions of years by Nature's hand.   

4. I love to paint landscapes; it records the marks of man's society on the environment, altering it in pursuit of his dreams, economics, arts, ideology and belief.  

5. I love to paint landscapes to catch the march of seasons in thousand-and-one  wonderful scenes in repeated cycles in a lifetime, and beyond.

6. I love to paint landscapes not only their expressions in colors, forms and figures, but the breadth and depth they lead the imagination into - scenarios breathtaking, grandiose and mysterious. 

7. I love to paint landscapes; it takes me away from the boredom of living; it gives me respite from work, cares and worries of life; at the end, find enlightenment, joy and freedom. 

8. I love to paint landscapes, the macrocosm of our detailed world, the wholeness of creation, and the synergy that keeps the world in a state of dynamic balance. 

9. I love to paint landscapes; it is turning back the hands of time, tracing the stages through which our world has undergone in scenarios built by imagination and guided by age-old wisdom and modern-day discovery.  

10. I love to paint landscapes; it reveals a secret garden that man has long sought for, since the time his forebears were forever banished from a famed paradise.   

11. I love to paint landscapes to re-create that lost Eden on canvas, make-believe as it may seem, yet emanates from the human spirit that expresses love and reverence to the Creator.

12.  I love to paint landscapes; I am dwarfed by the mountains, the sea, the sky; minuscule I am to their immensity, humbly I submit myself to the Omnipotence and the reason He made them for me and mankind.~ 

Wall mural, Tropical Rainforest 2000

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

UST-AB Assignment: Wake Up! It’s Springtime.

UST-AB Assignment: Wake Up! It’s Springtime.
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB AM Band, Evening Class, Monday to Friday

An essay about personal insights and reflections   
UST Faculty of Arts and Letters: Communication Art (4CA5, 3CA1, 3CA3)
Write your reaction to this article which relates to your life. 

“Springtime is here.
I sing with the warbler,
laugh with the stream,
whistle in the breeze.
Time matters not when,
and for how long I shall
from here meet my Creator
who makes them all.”
                                - AVRotor

Detail of Mural, Springtime, by AVR

"The spirit of the new springtime is renewal," said Mother Teresa after receiving the Nobel Prize for Peace. "It is a time of conversion, to be a new person." It is metamorphosis.

It is when "All the World's a Stage" begins, when every creature, big or small, wakes up to a "Whispering Within". When the sound is pure and clear and the happiest of all sounds - and not a "Big Bang" - it must be springtime. And the sound comes from deep within, a calling closest to the heart, ringing the bells of hope and joy to be alive.

And the sleeping buds wake up with the dewdrops heralding the end of drought or winter, breaking into emerald, the first color of spring. Soon a myriad colors comes at its heels in the promise of bounty. The hollow of tree is filled with hungry groan. The stream whispers, the brook laughs. Up on a branch a robin sings, his notes crispy in the chilly air. A butterfly metamorphoses, her wings catching the color of rainbow. And the rainbow makes a huge cathedral in the sky that dwarfs us and we are filled with wonder and awe.

If one finds meaning in the risen bud, in the cathedral of rainbow, then he is blessed. For he is a man in the new springtime, a person renewed.

It is in the image of springtime, which according to Pope John XXIII, connotes newness and freshness. It is when music is soothing to hear and colors are a kaleidoscope. It is when growth and hope are nurtured.

But it is not always that in the life of a person springtime means renewal. The regularity of time and seasons has made the experience an ordinary one, routinely like a cycle, prosaic as rules one has grown accustomed to throughout the years. Matters of importance are no longer in the stars or about a sheep eating flowers on a thorny bush.

Here is a news story that we glimpse into a new syndrome in today's society. It is about a unique incident in Paris some years ago when farmers built overnight a piece of the countryside right in front of the Arch d' Triumph. In the morning people of all walks of life put off their urban chores and dreamily enjoyed the rustic scene they apparently had been missing.

"Gubat sa Siyudad", "Disneyland", "Fantasy Island" are more of a symptom than fancy. More and more people who are tired of city life and the fast lane are yearning to go back and live in less congested areas where they are close to nature, and corollary to God. And before we ask ourselves, "Quo vadis?" we must realize that everything in this world, without exemption, is interconnected.

It is this interconnection that is the key to unity and understanding, respect and reverence, compassion and humility. Such interconnection links the parts of the living and the non-living world, the abstract and the concrete, the past and the present, the macroscopic and the microscopic world, diverse cultures and races - and most fundamentally, the relationship of man and God.

But as a country becomes progressive, economically and technologically that is, more and more of its citizens become disconnected from the countryside as they flock to cities in some kind of frenzy, a kind of Gold Rush reminiscent of the old West. And what is paradoxical is that cities are growing at the expense of the countryside, eating out precious productive areas, draining precious manpower and resources, supplanting tradition and values with "modern culture".

It is like the human body enticed with material things with adornment leading to self adoration that the spirit is left unattended like a countryside laid in waste. Here a dichotomy emerges, one leading to what we call "modern civilization" while the other lingers in limbo of neglect and false rationalization. It cannot be that there are two seasons that occur at the same time. It cannot be that the body enjoys the cares and abandon of youth, the "glory that was Greece and the grandeur that was Rome" while the spirit lies in winter or in the desert.

This "disconnection syndrome" buries deeper that attachment between us and God, us and nature, which is intrinsic in our genes. The memory of that attachment surfaces now and then in our language, painting, music, legends - even in our thoughts over a sunset or a flowering weed. That is why we yearn to go back, but quite often find ourselves busy, and afraid to set aside things of "consequence" that now threaten to disturb our present lives. We are afraid to take the path of the Prodigal Son.

Sharing makes the world go round and around. How beautiful Reader's Digest puts it. To wit:

"Every human being on this earth faces a constant problem: how to make the most of life. There is no single solution, the art of living is the most difficult of all the arts. But fortunately for all of us, experience can be shared. Insights can be learned. Wisdom can be taught. Experiences, insights and wisdom of men and women - from teachers to clergymen, housewives to scientists, ordinary citizens to statesmen - who have lived deeply, thought profoundly and cared enormously about sharing with others what they learned have found some fragments of truth that cushion the harsh impact of reality or brightens the marvelous tapestry of living. From them we find some answers to the most fundamental of all questions: how to live with life."

This excerpt demonstrates human relationship on the highest plane. Simplicity as a common denominator for all those willing to live by it as a virtue breaks the wall separating today the haves and the have-nots, the whites and the colored, and the barriers of distance, belief, ideology and fame. But it is only when one takes the road less trodden that he can truly touch the lives of those who are poor and are living in poverty, not as a choice or virtue, but because they are inevitable, unwilling victims of it.

This is the road the Good Samaritan took. Here sharing takes a higher category, that of compassion. Compassion comes from a deep source, it springs from the hadal depth, not so much of reason but of love which reason cannot fully explain. From here flows the stream of openness and availability, that compassion becomes universal - in both time and space - respecting all mankind, and going back to ecological paradigm, respecting too, all living creature, big and small, and all the things that make this world a place of Paradise. It is only through deep prayer and faith that we can regain that place we lost. John Milton saw it only when he became blind and illumined its beauty with the power of the pen, while Helen Keller shared it to us on the Braille.

Are these enough to live by? No. Still there is a higher realm of human virtue, and this is the element of taking risk and sacrifice. "If you truly love and care," says Mother Teresa, "you are not afraid."

But it is more important to work with others. This is the element of collaboration. It is in collaboration that we do not only come up with collective strength but build interdependence with which we re-enforce the efforts of others in the magic of synergy. It cannot be explained why collective effort surpasses the sum of individual efforts, why spiritual love can not be equated with human love, why happiness when shared multiplies, why in quiet prayers comes a great resolve.

These are difficult to understand in theory and in good times, when we are only witnesses, nay bystanders. If we are teachers and not disciples, critics and not doers, victors and not the vanquished.

It is easier to teach than to learn, to lecture than to share, to welcome than to accept, to accept than to forgive. It may be easier to treat a friend than a brother, receive awards than show recognition, walk up to the podium than stoop to lend a hand. How do we know endurance from sacrifice? Responsibility from accountability? To help from to care?

Wake up. It is springtime. ~

Folk Wisdom for Kids: Tips when buying fruits, fish, and processed food (Tenth of a Series)

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School-on-Air) 
with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday

1. Tips when buying fruits, a short list.

What part of a fruit is the best?  The best part of papaya is the lower half; it is more fleshy, sweeter and deeper in color.  In the case of pineapple it is the opposite – the upper half is superior. Here is a cursory list to guide buyers and consumers.
·         Lansones – Extra large fruits have big seeds, and are not in any way sweeter than the rest in the bunch. Choose the medium size, quite elongated, and bright yellow in color.
·         Cucumber – Choose the size for pickling or about.  As the fruit matures it loses its firm cartilaginous consistency and the seeds have already matured.  Harvest okra, cowpea, patola, batao and string beans when still succulent, other wise they become fibrous. 
·         Squash – Tough to the fingernail, does not exude sap.  The fruit is mature and seasoned, and has glutinous (malagkit) consistency.
Typical fruit stands on the roadside.

Ampalaya – Break the tip of the stem and look for the yellowish to orange coloration at the center. Red means the fruit is over mature.  
Watermelon  Stripes are distinct and widespread. The cut stem should be green. Tap the fruit with the forefinger.  If the sound is deep and dull, the fruit is ripe. Better still, ask the seller to make a triangular cut through the fruit.  
Banana – The upper fruits in the bunch are bigger, sweeter and the first to ripen.·            Caimito – Fruits becomes shiny when it is about to ripen. This is also true in avocado (Persea Americana)  and tiesa (Locuma nervosa).
·         Chico – Lightly scrape the skin of the fruit with your fingernail. If underneath is green it is not yet ready for harvesting. This is also a guide in buying unripe chico.
·         Sugar apple or atis (Anona squamosa) – Fruit well expanded, canals are distinct, color turns pale green.   
 ·         Sugarcane for chewing – Get the internodes closest to the base; they are sweeter than those near the top.
2. Tips when buying fish, a short list. 
·         Bangus – Choose one with fat belly, one-kilo size is best.  If the lower tail fin is shorter than the upper one, it is the famous Bonoan (Dagupan) bangus. 
·         Tilapia – Get those with thick and supple body. Three pieces to a kilo is best. 
·         Catfish (hito) – Always buy the fish live.  Yellowish belly means it is fat.
·         Mudfish or snakehead (dalag) – Always buy it live.  Yellow to bright orange belly means it is fat, and the female may be carrying eggs.
·         Carp – Sometimes called Imelda, the head is fat and fleshy. When buying the chopped fish, get the head and middle part.
·         Crab (Alimango) – Female crabs even if they are more expensive make the best buy. They have 
     more fat (aligi) especially during New Moon than the males. This is true with talangka or freshwater crabs, shrimps, lobsters and crayfish.
·         Prawn – Freshly caught prawns are translucent. Reject if the head or cephalothorax is discolored, all the more if it is severed, and unpleasant odor detected.
·         Green mussels (tahong– Pry open and see if it is fatty. It must have a clean, fresh smell.  Reject if it emits even the slightest foul or oil odor. 
Ambulant fish vendor (Lagro Subd, QC); a variety of marine fish (Farmer's Market QC)

·         Marine fish – Dynamited fish invariably have eyes, abdomen, scale and flesh battered by the blast.  Report to nearest authority the presence of such fish.
·         Anchovies – It has a very short shelf life, and must be preserved in ice. Many people eat it raw (kilawin) when newly caught, with ginger, onion, and tomato. The best recipes are tamales (wrapped in banana leaves with ginger and salt), and torta (fried with egg). Anchovies are made into dilis and fishmeal.   

3. Tips when buying processed food products.
·         Bagoong – Genuine patis is clear, golden in color, and forms the top layer, while the bagoong occupies the rest of the bottle. If mixed or it forms a layer at the middle or at the bottom, the bagoong is unseasoned, or adulterated, or both.
·         Honeybee – It should not solidify into crusty sugar in the refrigerator.  If it does, it is diluted and adulterated with sugar.
·         Vegetable oil – A trace of rancidity is clear indication it is no longer fit for human consumption.   
·         Peanut butter – Caution: Usually broken and inferior peanut is ground into peanut butter; healthy seeds are sold a whole peanut. Thus, peanut butter contains higher levels of aflatoxin, a carcinogenic substance formed by Aspergillus flavus. ~   

Scenarios of our children living in a Postmodern World

Dr Abe V Rotor 
Living with Nature - School on Blog 
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School-on-Air) 
 with Ms Melly C Tenorio 738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday
Children, children everywhere - "Quo vadis?"

1. Our children live in a Renaissance in the new age: post-capitalism order, environmental revolution, devolution of corporate dominance, green technologies, and space exploration. Our children comprise a new breed of more dedicated leaders. They hold the key to change. They play the role of the little prince in Antoine de Saint-Exupery's novel The Little Prince, who saved the pilot whose plane crashed on the Sahara desert.

2. Our children will continue looking for the missing links of science, history, religion, astronomy etc., among them the source of life itself and its link with the physical world. 
This includes linking of disciplines, narrowing down the gaps of specializations, making of a new concept of Man and culture. 

3. Our children are at the front line and center of people’s revolution spreading worldwide. Arab Spring is sweeping North Africa and the Middle East, so with the escalating unrest questioning the present world order. The young are angry at the inability of government and capitalism to narrow down economic inequity. Occupy Wall Stree! is the battle cry in the US. Greece, Italy, Spain, once world powers in their own time are undergoing a similar revolution.

4. Our children will live simpler lives, going back to basics, preferring natural over artificial goods and services.  In the long run they are less wasteful than us. They learn to face a hidden desire to escape when things get rough, an instinct for survival either by detour or turning back.  

5. Our children face the consequences of  loss of privacy and secrecy from personal to institutional transparency. “You can no longer hide. There is no place you can remain with comfortable anonymity.”

6. Our children’s involvement in social media makes them actors and not mere spectators. They are involved, concerned with issues, local and far reaching.  Development Communication rises above conventional entertainment and reactionary media.  They favor transparency to attain social justice. Wikileak unveiled classified information about the Iraq and Afghanistan war.  Bank secrecy laws and safeguards are changing.  Citizens claim their right to access to hidden financial transactions.

7. Our children inherit our aging infrastructure.  Aging Infrastructure pulls down the economy, increases risk to disaster, creates ghost cities and makes life miserable.
We have created artificial ecosystems in deserted towns, inside the 38th Parallel between the two Koreas, land mines areas, deserted high rise buildings, and now in radiation-affected areas of Chernobyl and Fukoshima. 

8. Our children are being deprived of natural beauty and bounty with the unabated  shrinking wildlife, conversion of farms and pastures into settlements, and destruction of natural habitats and ecosystems.  “Canned Nature” (delata) have become pseudo Nature Centers. Gubat sa Siyudad, Fantasyland, Ocean Park, Disneyland

9. Our children, and succeeding generations become more and more vulnerable to various infirmities – genetic,  physiological, psychological, pathological.  Computer Syndrome is now pandemic, and its toll is increasing worldwide, with South Korea, China, US, Japan, India leading the list. 

10. Our children’s learning process through codification defeats logical thinking and creativity, thus affecting their reasoning power, judgment and decision, originality of thought and ideas.  More and more children are computer-dependent. They find simple equations and definitions difficult without electronic gadget.

11. Our children face the age of singularity  whereby human and artificial intelligence are integrated.  Robotics robs human of his rights and freedom – new realm of curtailment and suppression. (2045 – The Year Man Becomes Immortal – Time Magazine).  This is falsehood!

12. Our children find a world of archives - memories, reproductions, replicas – of a real world lost before their own time. We are making fossils,  biographies, dirges and laments, as if devoid of sense of guilt.

13.    Our children are overburdened by education.  They need freedom to learn in their own sweet time and enjoy the bliss and adventure of childhood and adolescence.
E-learning is taking over much of the role of schools and universities.  Open Universities, Distance Learning will dwarf classroom instruction. This is a revival of the academy of Plato’s dream. 

14. Our children become more and more transient in domicile where work may  require, and for personal reasons, and when given the choice and opportunity in a global perspective, intermarriages notwithstanding. “Citizen of the world” is a person without a specific country.  He is therefore, rootless, baseless, transient. Humans since creation are rooted politically, culturally – and biologically most of ll.

15. Our children become new heroes – heroes for the environment, martyrs for Mother Earth. Heaven is in a regained Paradise on earth. A universal faith, irrespective of denomination, is shaping up fast.

16. Our children face acculturation and inter-racial marriages.  Melange of races is on the rise – Eurasian, Afro-American, Afro-Asian,  etc. – a homogenization process that reduces - if not pollutes - natural gene pools, as a consequence. Culturally and scientifically, this is dangerous.  Homogenization leads to extinction of races and ultimately the species. 

17. Our children will clean the land, water and air we the generation before littered.  They will heal the earth we defaced, damage. With generation gap closed, the task will be shared by all. They learn to become good housekeepers of  Mother Earth. Our children know the meaning of biodiversity and its four attributes -  richness in kind,   population, interrelationship, and balance. Biodiversity  per se does not guarantee sustainability unless integrated with functioning systems of nature. 

18.   Our children will realize that optimism will remain the mainstay of human evolution, rising above difficulties and trials. Hope is ingrained in the human brain that makes vision rosier than reality. Anxiety, depression will continue to haunt, in fact accompany progress, but these all the more push optimism up and ahead.

19. Our children live in an era with race discrimination a thing of the past. Many favor living alone as a new norm. More and more join the nones - spirituality outside organized religions, 

20. Our children face the coming of the Horsemen of Apocalypse  – consequence of human folly and frailty (nuclear, pollution, poverty).  Finally, postmodernism may do more harm than good for our children in a runaway technology and culture. They cannot and will not be able to keep with the pace and direction of change.   More than we grownups, they are more resilient to adapt to the test. This is true. “I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul.”  And this is the philosophy that we wish our children to uphold. 

Monday, January 21, 2013

Philosophical Quips at the Grassroots

Dr Abe V Rotor

• Old man to young man: “I have eaten more rice than you had.” (Meaning the old man is more knowledgeable by experience.)

• Old man to young boy: “Amoy gatas ka pa lang, hijo.” (“You smell of milk, child,” a sarcasm comparing ignorance with the innocence of a child.)

• “Isang sigarilyo lang ang layo.” (It’s only a cigarette away - the distance covered by smoking a stick of cigarette.)

• “Pumurao ton’ diay uwak.” (Ilk) Literally, “The black crow will turn white.” You cannot wait for the impossible.

• “Hindi mo magising ang gising.” You can’t wake up one who is already awake.

• “Agannad ka no saan mo nga kayat ti agtangad ti barsanga.” This is a cold warning on the face, which literally means “Beware if you don’t like to look up at the grass.” (barsanga is sedge, a relative of the grass growing on open field).

• “Saan nga napan no saanna nga nayon.” (“It’s not there if it’s not part of it.” - referring for example, fly maggots in fermenting fish sauce or bagoong.)

• “Di ka pay la nakuret.” (Better if you had died of kuret, a tiny poisonous crab that resides in the gills of big fish.)

• “Matira matibay” It refers to Darwinian concept of “survival of the fittest.”

• Nothing goes up that does not go down. This phrase refers to one who has reached the pinnacle of wealth or power.

• “Aramid ti saan nga agdigdigos.” (“It a work of a hippie or bum.”)

• “Balat sibuyas.” (An expression that refers to one who easily gets peeved.)

I invite the reader to continue this initial search of man’s way of thinking in the remote past.
Grassroots’ philosophy? It is Folk Wisdom. It is indigenous - the kind of knowledge tempered and aged into wisdom. It is the greatest tool that enabled humankind to survive and to live well. Folk wisdom links history with our postmodern world, it is the foundation of the university, and the beacon of our hope and faith in a higher principle.~