Part 2 - SAVE RICE: Let's Promote Rice Substitutes and SupplementsIn response to current spiraling price of rice in the market. The truth is, we are not producing enough rice in the Philippines. Historically for about three decades now, we have been importing rice mainly from Thailand and Vietnam, ironically whose agriculturists studied agriculture in UPLB and IRRI, other schools and institutions in our country notwithstanding. Our deficit is on the average ten percent of annual consumption.
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature - School on Blog
A. Direct Substitutes
1. Corn - As staple, green corn (corn-on-the cob), and corn products (corn flour, flakes, pop, etc)
2. Rootcrops - Sweet potato, Irish potato, cassava, gabi, arrowroot, ubi, tugui, water chestnut.
3. Legumes - Mungbean, white bean, cowpea, pigeon pea, garden pea, winged bean, peanut, lima bean, soybean, black bean.
4. Wheat - Noodles, pasta (macaroni and spaghetti), pandesal, other baked wheat products.
NOTE: We import 100% of our wheat requirement, mainly from the US. Indigenous substitutes are preferable.
B. Indirect Substitutes
1. Fruits - Consumption of fruits such is banana. mango, and the like, result in significant caloric intake1
2. Vegetables - A variety of local vegetables assures a year round supply. Vegetable provides the mass of food intake, mainly for its fiber, an important health factor next to vitamins and minerals it provides the body.
3. Meat products - Our poultry and livestock industry if well developed, can provide these products at affordable prices. Ninety percent (90%) of our animal industry lies in the hand of farmers and backyard raisers.
4. Fish and fish products - Freshwater and marine fishes Improvement of 9ur fish and aquatic industry' will likewise result in more supply at affordable prices.
5. Oil and others products - Oil from coconut and fat-rich substitutes are packed with energy. In short1 they are high-powered fuels of the body. Other products are nuts (cashew, pili, and peanut), seaweeds, and wild food plants.
6. Energy or Calorie Boosters - Other than staple and supplementary foods that we take regularly, the body now and then requires an immediate and ready source of energy. We call these energy or calorie boosters, Modern life style, particularly in cities, has led to modified eating and drinking habits which are dependent on these boosters. Sugar and alcohol are the two main boosters.
- Softdrinks - Today softdrinks come in many kinds:carbonated and non-carbonated, juices, concentrates, etc. But the basic ingredient is sucrose or cane sugar.
- Coffee and Cocoa - It is seldom that coffee and cocoa, the world's most important beverages arc not served sweet. The caloric value lies mainly in the sugar that is added.
- Beer and alcohol - Heavy drinkers are light eaters. Beer contains 3 to 5 percent alcohol, while distilled commercial wine contains between 30 to 40 percent alcohol. The high caloric value of alcohol explains why drinkers can afford to miss a meal.
1. It is natural that physical work requires more energy than non-physical work. Office workers eat less rice.
Author inspects rice crop ready to harvest. San Ildefonso, Ilocos Sur 2. Residents in cities eat less rice than those in the provinces. Metro Manila residents consume around 95 kg of rice a year. In the Ilocos provinces the average consumption is 130 kg. The second highest rice consumers come from Central Luzon and Cagayan Valley. Two factors explain why, namely, physical work and eating habit.
3. The lowest rice eating regions are of course in the Visayas and Mindanao where corn is a staple crop.
4. A shift from corn to rice has been noted when there is shortfall in corn production.
5. Likewise, rice is a "filler" where there is lack of viand. The feeling of fullness is in the amount of rice we ate.
6. Filipinos, rich or poor are very discriminating. Poor quality rice is an affront to status of living.
--------------Planting Rice is Never Fun
Obviously this folk song is not encouraging, especially to young who are fun seekers.
This is a well-known Philippine folk song on planting rice and the lyrics go something like this: Rice by National rtist, Fernando Amorsolo
Magtanim ay ‘di biro
‘Di man lang makatayo
‘Di man lang makaupo.Planting
The English version:
Planting rice is never fun,
Bending over ’til the set of sun.
Cannot sit, cannot stand,
Plant the seedlings all by hand.
And a literal translation:
Planting rice is not a joke
Just bending all day long
You can’t even stand up
You can’t even sit down. ~