Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Enrich your English with speech aids

Speech aids mainly in Latin and Greek are like spices, they add flavor to the English language.
Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

Speech aids dig into history and archives by simply citing the appropriate foreign word or phrase. They make expressions brief and concise. While they enlarge the imagination, and they lead arguments to specific references.

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC)*
Source of many speech aids from his writings.
  • The trilogy of the French Revolution: Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite (liberty. equality and fraternity) These are however French words.
  • Scientific names of organisms are universal, they are mostly in Latin, considered a dead language - a language that has stopped growing. Cocos nucifera (coconut), Homo sapiens (reasoning man)
  • Meet the famous professor emeritus in the university. (A retired professor after long and worthy service)Eureka! Eureka! (I found it! I found it!) Archimedes emerged from the bathtab  yelling. He has discovered a property of matter - specific gravity, and how it can be measured. Eureka is Greek
  • A person belonging to the middle class is a bourgeois -  (French). Thailand has the most coup d'tat (Fr) attempts in Asia. (Sudden decisive blow in politics.) Say Mea culpa (sorry) to your guru (teacher). (Guru is Sanskrit)
Our everyday prayer has such words as excelcis (in the highest), perpetuum (forever), nomine (in the name of), memoriam (in memory of), extremis (at the point of death).

A poem about the effects of forest destruction has this in the last line, ad infinitum (to infinity). Which means the destruction goes virtually without end. 

ad origine - from the begining 
ad extremum - to the end  
ad hoc - for the special occasion or purpose
ad interim - for the meantime, temporarily
ad libitum - at pleasure
ad valorem - according to the value
ad verbum - word for word, verbatim 
ad judicium - common sense and judgment 
s and organs.Pseudopodia (false feet Gr
agnus Dei - Lamb of God
amor patriae - love of country 

al fresco - to the open air, dining outdoors 
a priori - reasoning sequence from cause to effect
a propos - to the purpose, at the right moment
al fine - to the end (music)
an contraire - on the contrary 
avant-garde - the vanguard (very new art form)
de facto - in fact, actually 

ex-officio - by virtue of officeex parte - from one side only 
ex post facto - after the deed is done; retrospective 
extra muros - beyond the walls; intramuros - within the walls 

faux pas - a false step, a social blunder 
facta, non verba - deeds, not words 
felix culpa - a fortunate mistake
femme fatale - seductive woman
fides et justitia - faith and justice
ibidem (Ibid) - at the same place (book) 
interalia - among other things 
ipso facto - by the fact itself; in the nature of the case

jus divinus - 
divine law
jus sanguinis - 
the right of blood; legal right of heritage or descent
- in its original situation

modus operandi - mode of operation
modus vivendi - mode of livingn

on obstante - notwithstanding
nihil - nothing
par excellence - above all others, by excellence
persona grata - an acceptable person;  
persona non-grata - an unacceptable person
lex law; lex loci - the law or custom of the place 
lex scripta - written law; lex non-scripta - unwritten law
veritas (L); vertu (F) - truth 

Selected Phrases
Nulla nuova, buona nuova - no news, good news
Dum vivimus, vivimus
 - while we live, let us live 

Facilis descenus averno - the descent to hell is easy
Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus - false in one thing, false in everything 
Humanum est errare - to err is human
Veni, vidi, vici (L) - I came, I saw, I conquered 
Volo, non valeo (L) - I am willing, but not able 
Vita brevis, ars longa (L) Life is short, art (is) long 
Vade in pase (L) - Go in peace

No other language in the world is richer and more verstile than English. With these speech aids, and a lot more, you can be a effective writer and speaker.

Bon voyage. ~ 

*Roman philosopher, statesman, lawyer, political theorist, and constitutionalist, and widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists. Cicero created a Latin philosophical vocabulary (with neologisms such as humanitas, qualitas, quantitas, and essentia) distinguishing himself as a linguist, translator, and philosopher. Today, he is appreciated primarily for his humanism and philosophical and political writings. His voluminous correspondence has been especially influential, introducing the art of refined letter writing to European culture. Cicero's speeches and letters remain some of the most important primary sources that survive on the last days of the Roman Republic.

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