Sunday, April 26, 2015

Rare Native Dishes


Dr Abe V Rotor
 Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri

Caliente or ox hide, softened and sliced,
served with onion and fresh pepper.

Ngarusangis (small seashells)

Appetite drives the will wild and free
To satiate hunger, more so curiosity,
Where the edge is just a step away,
Beyond adventure lies eternity;
Puffer or grub or some crustacean,
It's dare or delight to the epicurean.


Pesang Dalag (snakehead)
Native chicken tinola
Arusip or lato (Caulerpa), served fresh, with tomato and onion






Saturday, April 25, 2015

We are witnessing the effects of Global Warming


Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri
Written Assignment for Communication and Socio-cultural (economic and environmental ) Change, UST. (Regular bond, handwritten) Study each photo and relate it to Global Warming.


Photo 1

Photo 2

Photo 3

Photo 4

Photo 5

Photo 6
Photo 7
Photo 8
Phot0 9
Photo 10
What is the relevance of the last photo?

Okra increases sexual vitality


Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri
 
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)
Okra
Family: Malvaceae
Scientific Name: Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn) Moensch.
Synonym: Hibiscus esculentus L.
Other Common Name: Lady’s finger, Gumbo

Traditional Use: As the young tender fruits and seeds are mucilaginous, they are often used in cookery to thicken soups, sauces, and stews. The seeds are used as substitute for coffee. The mucilage is considered to have an aphrodisiac effect.

Phytochemicals: ARACHIDIC ACID, ASH, CALCIUM OXALATE, FAT, LINOLEIC ACID, MAGNESIUM OXIDE, MUCILAGE, NITROGEN, OLEIC ACID, PALMITIC ACID, PECTIN, P2O5, STARCH, STEARIC ACID, VITAMIN C.

Other Properties/Actions: Stimulant, tonic, diuretic, carminative, anti-spasmodic.

Plant Description: A coarse, erect, branched, annual herb with orbicular leaves coarsely toothed and petioles equal to or longer than the leaves. Flower are axillary, solitary; calyx hairy and corolla large, yellow, deep purple at the base inside. Capsule is 10-20 cm long, narrowly oblong.

Other aphrodisiac vegetables:
  1. Ampalaya (Momordica charantia Linn)
  2. Carrot (Daucus carota Linn
  3. Batau or Batao (Dolichos lablab Linn)
  4. Labong or Bamboo Shoot (Bambusa spinosa Roxb)
*Philippine Herbs to Increase Sexual Vitality, Rotor AV, Ontengco D deC, and RM Del Rosario, 2000; acknowledgment, Okra photo, encyclopedia Internet

Have you tried "jumping salad?"


Dr Abe V Rotor
 Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri

This is a favorite dish of Ilocanos known as “jumping salad.” What is it really?
In Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (school-on-the-air) program last July 5, 2006 five callers phoned to give their answers. Except one who said he learned about this rare dish from a friend, the callers apparently Ilocanos, said they have actually tasted jumping salad.

This dish is prepared from newly caught small to medium shrimps from the estuaries and rivers, and while they are still very much alive are served right there and then with calamansi and salt, momentarily agitating the fated creatures.

Pronto! The shrimps, on removing the cover, frantically jump out of the plate, save the dazed one. You should be skillful in catching them from the table (and even on the floor) deftly picking them by the head, taking caution so as not to get hurt by their sharp rostrum. You can imagine the danger you face as the creature makes its last attempt to escape.

You must get a firm hold before putting the struggling creature into your mouth, tail first and quickly bite off the head, severing the sharp dagger in your hold. The creature wriggles in the cave of your mouth and you can actually feel its convulsion fading as it undergoes the initial process of digestion.

Being an Ilocano myself, eating jumping salad is an adventure and rarely do you experience having one nowadays, unless you are living near the sea, river or lake, or a good friend brings live shrimps to town in banana stalk container to keep them alive. Try it; it’s one for the Book of Guinness.

Living with Folk Wisdom, UST-AVR

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Books - the Greatest Treasure of Mankind


Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri
 Author inspects piles of books ready for storage, selected ones will be 
donated to reading centers, while others will be simply discarded as scrap.

Books, once the privilege of a few in pre-printing machine era, each page painstakingly handwritten, each book a well-kept treasure. 

Books, the authority, the final say, unquestioned, un-refuted, else any one rising contrary faces punishment, including death or damnation. 

Books, the diary, the ledger, the document of conquest and discovery, of battles fought, often in favor of the writer and party.   

Books, the novels that carry the greatest stories of all times are called classics, for which they are regarded timeless for their universal values.

Books, the epics of Homer, stories of the Grimm Brothers distilled from oral literature passed through generations to the present. 

Books, written ahead of their time - Galileo's astronomy, Darwin's evolution, Martin Luther's Protestantism ignited dis-pleasured of the Church.

Books, bedtime stories, baby's introduction to the world, legends and fantasies that take young ones to the land of make believe. 

Books, the record of ultimate scholarship, are the epitome of the greatest minds in thesis and dissertation, theories and principles. 

Books, the precursor of the Internet, the framework of the i-Pod, Tablet, Galaxy, and other gadgets that man becomes a walking encyclopedia. 

Books, the progeny of the earliest forms of writing like the cuneiform, hieroglyphics, caves drawings, etchings, scrolls of the Dead Sea.     

Books, that gave the idea and structure of the Wonders of the Ancient World, and the significance and belief for which they were built. 

Books, that grew with knowledge, brought new schools and movements in arts and philosophy, in unending search for truth. 


Books, the most widely read, the Bible; the shortest, Albert Einstein’s e=mc2, and book-to-cinema versions of Spielberg, Lucas, Cecile de Mills et al. 

Books, the greatest treasure of mankind, its collective attributes as humanity, the very stimulus of man's rationality to rise above other creatures - and himself.

Books, that brought about man's disobedience to his creator, playing god, and questioning if god made man, or that man made god.  

Books that enlighten man to care for the environment, guide the young and future generations to a better future, and lead man to save his own species from extinction. ~

Proper Maintenance of Books - 12 Ways


Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri

Books will always be a part of our lives and culture, even if we claim to be living in the electronic age.  We still uphold publication in print - hard copy.  In fact books will survive the electronics, they are indelible and will continue as living proof of history. Learned men and women will always cherish them in their study and lrisure.    
  

1. Keep books in enclosed shelves, arranged according to topic.

2. Be sure the title and author can be read easily.

3. Don't stack books too tight or loose.

4. Avoid making "dog ears"; use markers instead.  

5. Eating while reading predispose books to pest like cockroaches anmd rodents.

6. Keep books always free of dusts.  Wipe with dry cloth, vacuum regularly.

7. Return books to their proper places after use.

8. Don't expose books to direct sunlight and high humidity.

9. Refrain from lending books, unless its your job to do so.

10. When photocopying be careful not to damage the pages, or strain the book's binding.

11. Don't dispose old books; they can be made part of your collection, and archives.

12. Maximize the use of your books before they become outdated. 

NOTE: There are people who are allergic to books, physically that is. Free your bedroom from books.  Be sure your study room has a good ventilation.    

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Maintenance of Clothes Cabinet - 12 Ways

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri

1. When was the last time you made a general cleaning of your cothes cabinet?

2. Dispose clothes you no longer need.  Keep them in a separate place from those you regularly wear.  Better still, donate them to calamity victims.

3. Never keep damp clothes, otherwise you predispose them to molds and pest like silverfish. 

4. Hang used clothes to dry before throwing them into the clothes baasket.

5. Never mix used (dirty) and clean clothes.

6. Don't overstack.  Close buttons. Fold clothes properly.

7. Hanger can damage and deform clothes. 

8. Clothes that need repair must be separated.  Avoid using them unless they have been fixed. 

9. Clean cabinet with mild detergent, desinfect, vacuum if  necessary. 


10. Check possible entry of insects, rodents and other vermin.  Lock for security reason.     

11. Don't use naphthalene, it is highly poisonous and it imparts an offensive chemical odor.

12. Rotate in wearing your clothes; plan and arrange them according to your need. Practice joint housekeeping when sharing the use of the cabinet. ~

Acknowledgement: Internet Photos

Sea Cavern Mural


Dr Abe V Rotor 
 Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri
Wall Mural at SPUQC painted by the author, ca 2000

Visit a submarine cave of the tropical seas
through a mural of the imagination -
pristine, unspoiled, undiscovered eversince;
or one, the remnant of exploitation,
man’s endless pursuit of power and riches,
and his concept of the art of creation. ~

Zero Waste Management on the Campus


Program Framework* 

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri

OBSERVATIONS
1. Littering in classrooms, along corridors and on campus grounds.

San Vicente Integrated School, Ilocos Sur

2. Occasional presence of vermin such as flies, cockroaches and rodents.

3. Untidy waste cans, blackboards, walls, floor and the like.
4. Non-compliance of waste segregation scheme, evidenced by mixed wastes in collecting bins.
5. Prohibition of eating inside classrooms not strictly complied with.
6. Canteen rules not strictly followed. Renovation of leftover receptacles needed.

OBJECTIVES
1. To maintain a clean, healthy and environment friendly campus.
2. To reduce incidence of pest and diseases on the campus.
3. To instill discipline among members of the community on waste management.
4. To re-echo discipline on waste management to the family and immediate community.
5. To minimize the cost of waste disposal and generate income from recycled materials

STRATEGIES
1. To include in classroom instruction modules pertaining to waste management.
2. To strengthen information campaign on anti-littering and proper waste disposal.3. To adopt an effective segregation scheme and promote orderliness through an “ID confiscation and seminar scheme.”
4. To coordinate with local government units and non-governmental and community organizations (NGOs and COOs) on matters pertaining to waste management.
5. To involve all members of the community to cooperate and strongly support in the effective implementation of the program. Student organizations will have to police their ranks, so to speak, while faculty and staff members shall directly supervise the strict implementation of the program.  
Module 1
Information Campaign
OBJECTIVE: To increase the level of awareness in the community on the importance of keeping the campus clean, healthy, orderly and environment friendly.

UST, Manila


RATIONALE: Following the lecture-demonstration on Zero Waste Management, there is need to have a follow up on the topic through actual implementation. Garbage is a concern of all - at home, in school, on the street, at the park and in the neighborhood and immediate community. Hence, our concern permeates through our own campus into our own homes and surroundings. It is important therefore to elevate awareness to a point of discipline that cleanliness is part of our daily lives and culture.

ACTIVITIES: Increased awareness can be attained, other than classroom instruction, by means of posters, memos, demonstrations or by direct reminders to offenders.
1. Classroom lecture and demonstration
2. Formal notices and memoranda
3. Continuing seminars on the subject
4. Special seminar on waste management for violators

EXPECTED OUTPUT: Increased level of awareness on CHOFE (clean, healthy, orderly and friendly environment) on the campus. Such level is sustained and re-echoed at home and in the community of each and every faculty, staff member and student.

TIMETABLE: Implementation: ASAP. Monitoring is continuous. Continuing seminars on waste management at least once a quarter by groups/area.

Module 2
Waste Segregation Scheme

OBJECTIVE: Promotion of strict waste segregation
RATIONALE: It has been observed that wastes are not being strictly separated in spite of the presence of collecting bins. In accordance with the classification prescribed by MMDA the scheme provides for specific bins for degradable (nabubulok), non-biodegradable (hindi nabubuloc), re-cyclable such as bottles, cans and plastic cups, and a special bin for toxic materials such as laboratory effluent.

ACTIVITIES: First of all a review of waste classification is important. The following are recommended activities under this module.

1. Listing of different wastes generated by typical households and those often found in the school and classifying them accordingly.
2. Demonstration on segregation. If it is a laboratory class, test on the degradability of the material can be demonstrated in class. One method is accelerated composting and segregating those that did not go into decomposition.
3. For the degradable materials, stages of degradation should be explained, based on local and foreign models.
4. Likewise, for materials that are non-biodegradable, the explanation of their resistance to bio-chemical degradation should be explained. This is accompanied by alternative solutions which lead us to another module, that of recycling.
5. On-site hands-on experience is important, with the class participating in a “collection-segregation” exercise.

EXPECTED OUTCOME: Wastes properly segregated accordingly and disposed into bins designated for the purpose. Such attitude is sustained to the level of discipline and as part of school campus culture.

Benito Soliven Institute, Sto. Domingo, Ilocos Sur

TIMETABLE: Immediate implementation and must be sustained.

Module 3
Waste Recycling

OBJECTIVE: To convert and/or recycle wastes and discarded materials into various uses and to generate income from the end products.

RATIONALE: There is a saying, “Waste is something we do not yet know of its use.” The challenge to us then is, “How do we use waste?” Or is it because of our wasteful living that generates a lot of waste? Definitely then, there must be a way to put back waste to something of value,

ACTIVITIES: Here the approach is more than the attendant information campaign on proper collection, segregation and disposal. It is utilizing the waste itself – but only through an appropriate process. This process may be in the form of

1. Composting, i.e. the conversion of organic compounds into elemental forms through bio-chemical process.
2. Re-use, which means that the material is not at all altered, but must undergo thorough cleaning before it is used again. Examples are bottles.
3. Re-cycling refers to a process of recovering, re-melting and re-molding of materials such as metals, fiber, paper, glass, rubber and plastics.
4. Repair, re-furnish and the like refer to putting back old things to look like new or to become functional, such as discarded table, chairs, playthings. It also includes creative conversion of materials into articles of art.
5. Extraction refers to deriving useful materials from wastes such as biogas, ores such as carbon, silica, and gold.

EXPECTED OUTCOME: generation of useful products from wastes: garden compost, segregated and packed paper (whole or shredded), reusable carton, bottles, wood etc.

TIMETABLE: Immediate implementation, continuing project, and by assignment with point person/group.

Module 4
Socio-Ethical and Aesthetic Aspects of Proper Waste Management

OBJECTIVE: To inculcate the social, ethical and aesthetic aspects of cleanliness and orderliness.

RATIONALE: As a gauge of personality, cleanliness and orderliness are basic to every individual. Sayings such as, “Cleanliness is next to godliness,” and “A starving dog at its master’s gate predicts the ruin of the state,” remind us of this fundamental tenet. Three aspects are the focus of this module, namely:

1. Keeping our relationship with others pleasant and lovable
2. Compliance with the norms of society and the dictate of our conscience as Christians
3. Pursuit of aesthetic beauty that emanates from a beautiful surrounding

ACTIVITIES: Three areas will be tapped in this module, namely:
1. Sociology, theology and other related social sciences
2. Humanities (Applied Aesthetic/Introduction to Arts)
3. Euthenics and Health care

Teachings: Human relations, ecological paradigm of salvation (an exploration on the nature of sin and salvation in relation with man’s assault on Nature), health care, personality development ion relation to current issues on waste management, pest and disease control, etc. On-campus projects, projects visitation, summer camp, institutional rural/marginal community service (part of CEP), are suggested activities in this module.

EXPECTED OUTCOME: Highly enlightened students socially, spiritually and aesthetically.

TIMETABLE: Classroom instruction and campus activities ASAP. Institutional community service on pilot basis.

 Mural of a Tropical Rainforest at 
St Paul University QC, painted by the author. 


SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES
1. Confiscation of ID of violators. Violator attends refresher seminar of waste management. (See attached Procedure)
2. Research on the new implementation of the zero waste management schemes shall be accredited as research output of the faculty member/s and/or students concerned.
3. Composting on campus is limited only to plant residues, and does not include food waste and the like, in order to prevent the spread of pest and diseases, obnoxious gas notwithstanding.
4. A review of the present composting method is important to determine its effectiveness. Low tech in composting shall be maintained as long as it is efficient.
5. Every teacher must see to it that at the start and end of his/her class the classroom is clean and in proper order.
6. There are occasions the presence of “authority” is needed, such as lunchtime, sundo time at the bus stop, and during special activities such as sports fest and fairs. Your presence is important.
7. Publication of articles and special issue on waste management in the school newspaper and other publications.
8. Participation in special occasions about the environment such as Earth Day, Environment Week, Health Week.
9. Reward system as applied to deserving students, organizations, staff and faculty for implementing the program.
10. Exchange program with the consortium and with members in the St. Paul school system.
------------------------
Date: 
MEMORANDUM
TO:       To All Concerned
     ·       Faculty Members, College and High School
·            Academic and Support Staff
FROM: The College Dean
             The High School Principal
             The Head, General Services
SUBJECT: Strict Implementation of Zero Waste Management on the Campus

Effective immediately everybody is enjoyed to strictly implement the rules and regulations in maintaining our campus clean, orderly and safe. Please read the attached Reference.

A. For faculty members, kindly indicate opposite your name the module/s you will include in your subject/s. (Please indicate the subject/s.) Please take note of Nos. 1 and 5 in the Supporting Activities.
B. For the members of the academic and support staff, please take note of the supporting activities (last page), particularly Nos. 1 and 6:

For strict compliance.
DEAN:
PRINCIPAL: 
HEAD, GENERAL  SERVICES
------------
ANNEX
Procedure in ID Confiscation of Violators of Zero Waste Management at SPCQ
What are the grounds of violation?
Students in college and high school who commit any of the following offenses while they are inside the campus:

1. Littering
2. Eating inside classrooms, library, AVR, and the like
3. Non-compliance on waste segregation in collecting bins
4. Violation of “self-service and clean-up” rules of the canteen
5. Other forms of violation under Republic Act 9003. “An act providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary institutional mechanisms and incentives, declaring certain acts prohibited and providing penalties…”

Who can confiscate the ID of students?
Any faculty member, academic and administrative staff member, security personnel. The confiscating officer shall report the matter to the dean or principal, as may be the case, and surrender the ID of the violator.

What is the penalty of the violator?
The violator shall be summoned and given a refresher lecture on proper waste management. The confiscated ID shall be returned on the same day with the condition that the offender shall attend the lecture on a scheduled time. On second or subsequent violation, the parent of the student concerned shall be informed of the matter.

Who will conduct the refresher lecture?
Any designated member of the committee on waste management shall conduct the lecture for violators either individually or as a group.

Who will monitor and coordinate this activity?
The Office of the college dean and the high school principal in cooperation with the head of General Services..~

* Patterned after Zero Waste Management  at St Paul University QC with author's participation.

Monday, April 20, 2015

7 Rs in Waste Management

Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid  738 DZRB AM with Ms Melly C Tenorio, 
8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

Relics of death, Former Saint Paul University Museum

Integrated and holistic management system.

1. Reduce - plan to limit potential waste

2. Replace with environment-friendly materials

3. Regulate depends on effective governance

4. Recycle - re-use in original or new form.

5. Replenish. “Pay back” what you get from nature.

6. Reserve for tomorrow, next generation, posterity.

7. Revere - reverence for life, respect creation.


Sunday, April 19, 2015

Rolling Billboards - Cause of Accidents

Ban those Rolling billboards!
Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri
Try driving without the rear view, however experienced you are as a driver. You are deprived of your hindsight. Those small mirrors have a different purpose. You can't judge distance with vehicles behind you. Anything you see as you drive simply vanishes quickly, and you are not aware of what happens after.

Did the drivers of these ad buses undergo special driving lessons? Imagine a bus completely wrapped up with advertisement - front, top, sides and rear! By the way, has the public been consulted and warned of the dangers of these rolling billboards?

Here are photos of rolling billboards plying Edsa and Commonwealth Avenue, QC.
Acknowledgement to all who sent the following photos,  Thank you for your concern on behalf of DOTC-LTO, MMDA, LGUs and other cocerned agencies.

 
Spreading horror and fear on the road. Warn the kids!
Three-dimensional visual effect at night of a rolling billboard. The product being advertised is incompatible with safe driving. Notice at the right a motorcycle with two riders without helmet.
Mouth watering advertisement arouses gustatory sense and disturbs driving concentration. The tasty crustacean has grown into monster size. And it may seem alive through illusion caused by mirage at high temperature and smoky condition, distracting drivers, motorcyclers, bikers, and pedestrians.

Red advertisement mimics or camouflages red signals on the road, as well as brake and tail lights of the bus and other vehicles. To get to reading view of the message, the tendency is for the driver behind to get dangerously near - and may crush on at sudden brake.
Who are the Good Guys? Never mind that. Just concentrate on your driving, and not think of the bad guys either. The space occupied by the letters SMDC blocks completely the rear glass window. "Ang cheap naman!" for a big company's advertisement

Sex and driving don't go together, like alcohol and driving. Note where the brake light is located. Coincidental? Whose hotline by the way? What has a sexy girl to do with motor oil? These indeed disturb driving concentration.
 
 Danger! Topsy turby vision disturbs concentration. Philippine symbol usurped. 
Two-way blind vision for the bus driver and passenger on one hand, and drivers and pedestrians behind the bus - all for "a piece of bread."      
Danger!  Concentric effect on vision may lead to miscalcution.
  

Blatant disregard to law and discipline - and dignity.

Filipino Mythology: Is there really a "Kapre" (hairy monster)?

Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature - School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio

738 DZRB AM, 8 to 9 evening class Mon to Fri
Lesson: The supernatural kapre in Philippine mythology. Describe the kapre, his looks, habits and places he frequents. What is the counterpart of the kapre in your country? Where does he live? Is he diurnal or nocturnal? Or crepuscular (active during dusk)? Why is there a kapre or its equivalence in other places? In the first place, does he (believed to be male) really exist? What is his mission, if any?

Balete has overgrown a church ruin in Magsingal, Ilocos Sur, a favorite playground for kids.  Who says a kapre lives here?

Did you hear that?” I was startled by a mysterious moaning in the dark. I switched on the headlight.  

“What is it?” Cecille sleepily responded.  

“It’s a strange sound, like someone agonizing.” I said while straining my eyes on the sugarcane fields on both sides of the road.  

We had just parked along a newly opened road of the North Diversion somewhere in Tarlac that night. My wife and I were driving to Manila after a vacation in our hometown in Ilocos.  I was so tired driving, I pulled our Ford Escort to the grass lane for a brief rest, and switched off the engine.    

Then.  “Did you hear that?” Cecille shook me.  It was the same agonizing sound I heard earlier, and it was coming closer!

I switched on the headlight, and there stood at the opposite side of the road a tall figure the outline of the Colossus of Rhodes – black and hairy, so huge I could barely see his torso. 

Instinctively I started the engine and stepped on the gas.  Cecille moved close to me as the monster took another step toward us.  We escaped in the nick of time. 

Since then I became popular with children. “Tell us about the kapre!” And they would gather around clinging to one another. It reminded me of Lola Basiang, the story teller of folklores and legends.  

My story became known to my friends and officemates. It was the cause of a meeting suddenly losing its agenda to the kapre. Everyone had something to say about the mythical monster.  They talked about kapre living atop big old trees, along rivers and somewhere else. One related his experience while clearing the vines clinging around a large tree when suddenly he noticed blood dripping from above. He looked up.  Kapre!

Old folks say there are different kinds of kapre. There is even one taking over abandoned houses and empty buildings. There is kapre in empty playgrounds, farms and pastures. Kapre in gambling places, like the cockpit, kapre appearing suddenly in a group picture.

Since then we didn’t have to stay in office late. We had to finish our work early so we would not be taking the stairway that is seldom used, or hear typewriters clicking when everyone had already left.  We won’t be passing dark alleys on our way home. 

Children who heard the story of the kapre would stop playing at dusk.  The farmer looks at the leaves of acacia, and when they start drooping, starts walking for home. Everyone in the family must be home for supper.

Because of the kapre, trees are spared of the ruthless chain saw.  People passing through thickets politely whisper, “tabi tabi, po.”  Fishermen catch just enough fish for their family’s need. Harvest festivals are observed even if harvest is not good.               

Indeed there are different kinds of kapre. And they abound everywhere.  

When I was buying a new battery for my car and told the salesman how I encountered a kapre one dark night, he handed me a new brand of battery. “Sir, nakakasigurado kayo dito.”  (Sir, you are very safe with this battery.)~

           Kapre                                                      

He is a friend, he is an enemy;
the world is divided in two;
but who is friend, who is enemy,
when you talk about kapre?

He can be seen, to others unseen,
appears to one, not to another;
at daytime or in the evening;
it's his choice. Oh, brother!

He is kind, although scary;
seldom loved and feared by most,
lonely and misunderstood;
unlike any other ghost.

He watches children passing by 
prods them home before dark;
warns them not to tarry where
danger lurks, where dogs bark.

He watches fruits until they're ripe
and shoos away trespassers,
makes loggers sick from guilt,
keeps the menagerie from hunters

He sways in the trees and comes down
awhile to the young in company;
teaching them in discreet allegory
a unique children's story~