Sunday, August 31, 2014

What make Children's Art beautiful and meaningful?

Leo Carlo Rotor's art lessons, part 2
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday
  • Simple and colorful 
  • Meaning and message
  • Contemporary style
  • Experiential 
  • Freedom of expression 
  • Personal style
  • Linkages in topics
  • Thorough and complete
  • Defined and specific
  • Sense of Achievement  
These ten attributes make children's art a wholesome experience, and worth all the honors a young artist aspires for. They set the beginning of a career and good character - and preparation for the children's bright future.  
 I

The word MODERN itself can be depicted by the way it is expressed. 

An experience on graduation day - in the past or in the future.
Prize - it comes in many ways: gem, ribbon, trophy, necklace, ring, and the like. 
Involvement - prelude to maturity, building the foundation of good citizenship.
Entertainment - where and when reality and fantasy are one, reason and imagination converge.
Work also means obligation and responsibility, mother than output and reward. 
Surrealism, a postmodern art, may not mean anything, nonetheless challenging to the viewer to interpret,
Food - but why are the tools bigger than the food itself? Interpretative art challenges the viewsr and relates the hidden message to contemporary issues.
Wonder of the world, the Rice Terraces of Ifugao, now in a state of disrepair, it has been demoted in the UNESCO Heritage list.
Frivolous celebration is not good, and it does not enhance joy and success of an occasion how special it may be
Religion and tradition, Christianity and paganism, are too early to teach children. But it is their innocence that moderates conflicting beliefs and philosophies. 

Saturday, August 30, 2014

UST-AB: How familiar are you with these fruits?

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

1. This fruit is popular in Mindanao, it has a thick rind with deep red dye, but the inside which is the edible part is white, divided into segments, each containing a seed.  Its taste is slightly sweet, fibrous and has a mild flavor.  
2. It is the most popular food dye used in coloring cheese and other dairy products, dishes such as kaldereta and kare-kare. The red dye comes from the fruit of a medium size tree that pops open (dehiscent) when mature and dry, as shown in the photo. 
3. It is a highly seasonal fruit in summer sold on sidewalks and along highways. It comes in two varieties - green and purple - but the taste is more or less the same.  When cut in cross-section, the arrangement of the seeds is like a star which gives its name.  A milky and sticky substance makes eating rather inconvenient, especially if the fruit is not fully ripe. 
4. When fully mature, the green nuts turn brilliant red as shown in the photo which for which the tree is planted as an ornamental tree on the backyard and in parks. It is a source of astringent and hallucinogenic substances but such properties have not been commercially developed. The life span of the palm may reach fifty years.
5. This is the main ingredient in making of nganga or chewing nut.  The palm reaches some 20 to 30 feet and lives up to 50 years of continuous fruiting. The mature nut is harvested and cut into pieces and covered skillfully with betel leaf lined with lime.  Natives of the Cordillera are the country's top nganga consumers.  

6. A signature fruit of Batanes, the ripe fruits as shown in the photo, are made into candies and other confectioneries. The plant is a relative of the pine, a gymnosperm. While it grows on the lowland, it fails to produce fruits, and therefore it is planted only for its ornamental value.
7. In summer the whole tree loses its leaves in favor of numerous fruits borne directly on the branches and stems.  The fruits come in green and purple, but some fruits are first green then turn purple as they mature and ripen.    


Answers: 
1. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)
2. Anatto or achuete (Bixa orellana)
3. Caimito or star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito)
4. Bunga de Jolo (Veitchia merrillii)
5. Betel nut (Areca catechu)
6. Arius (Podocarpus costalis)
7. Sineguelas (Spondias purpurea)



Story of the Life of Lam-ang (Biag ni Lam-ang) with English Translation


Stanzas 1 to 27 of 305 stanzas) - The Birth of Lam-ang
Leopoldo Y Yabes Version 
Philippine Social Science and Humanities Review Volume XXXVIII Numbers 3-4
Published by the University of the Philippines 


Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

This composite version of Lam-ang, with translation in English prose is the third printing. The composite version without the English translation was also published in The Ilocos Times in 1935, in the INA magazine in 1947, and in Bannawag in 1971. 

(1)
O naslag a Dios Espiritu Santo
silawam Apo toy panunotco 
tapno mapudnuac ti panangipalawagco
ti pacasitaan ti maysa a tao.

O God, the Holy Spirit, 

illumine Lord, my thought, so I 
can relate faithfully the account 
of the life of a man.

(2)

Idi pannawen nga unana 
adda dua nga agasawa
a nabiit pay ti panangawatda
ti matrimono a nagina.

In the old, old days there were 

a couple who had just been
united in holy wedlock. 

(3) 

Iti pannagna ti aldaw
di nabayag daytoy babain naginaw,
ta nadanunen ti panagbungan
daydi sacramentto nga inawatdan. 

As the days rolled by, 

the wife conceived the child which
was the fruit of the sacrament 
they had received.

(4)

Nadumaduma a bungbungan
ti inna dita masarsaramsam:
salamagi a marabanban,
pias ken daligan.

She ate a variety of fruits

like green tamarind,
pias  and daligan 

(5) 
Niog pay a lolocoten,
bayabas a pariggalsem,
sua ken lolokisen
ket dagitoy met ti inna sidaen:

Young coconut fruits, guavas

about to ripen, oranges, and 
lolokisen and for meals 
she ate these.

(6) 

Panapana ken maratangtang,
ar-arosip ken aragan,
tirem a tinoctocan,
pasayam a kinalapan;

Panapana 
and maritangtang 
ar-arosip and aragantirem 
and shrimps.

(7)

Pingpinggan ken im-immoco,
loslosi ken pocpoclo,
leddangan pay ken soso
ta isu dagitoy ti inna cagusto.

Pingpinggan and im-immoco,

loslosi and pocpoclo
leddangan and soso - these
she liked much to eat.

(8)

Idinto ta magtengna
ti pito a bulan daydi sicogna,
napalalo ti ay-ayatda
ta adanin (dandanin)
ti panagpasngayna.

When she reached the seventh 

month of her pregnancy, she
and her husband were filled
with joy at the proximity of
her confinement. 

(9)

Ket idinto as castan,
daytoy babain Namongan 
inna dita napanunotan 
ti aramidenda a balitang.

Namongan thought of 

preparing a balitang for her
confinement.

(10)

Kinonana dita nga insawang,
"Ay asawac a Don Juan,
itay aramiden a balitang.

She told her husband, "Ay, 

my husband Don Juan, kindly 
go and cut bamboos for my 
balitang.

(11)

"Inca cuma imatangan ti 
immulata a cawayan
idiay bantay capareian
ket inca cuma pucanan. 

"Go and see the bamboos 

we planted on Mount Caparian 
and cut down some.

(12)

"Rebbengna unayen ita 
ti inta panagsagana
cadagiti maicanada
nga aruaten no sumngay 
toy bunga,

"It is necessary that we now 

prepare all things needed for 
the coming of our child.

(13)

"Tapno ditanto mabiglaan
no madanon ti iruruarnan,
adda met saganan a balitang 
a rumbeng a paggiddaan.

"So that we shall not be 

found unprepared when the 
day comes.  The balitang then 
will be ready for me to lie on."

(14)

Nagrubbuat met a napan
ti asawana a Don Juan;
ket idinto a nagtengannan
linicmotna di cawayan.

Her husband Don Juan therefore

started out; and when he 
reached the clump of bamboos
he went around it once.

(15) 

Sana met pinayapayan
di angin nga inna ragutan,
tudo pay a bumayangbang 
ulep arig a teppang.

He then commanded the 

wind to blow.  The rain fell in ]
torrents.  The clouds were like 
unto a deep abyss - so black
were they. 

(16) 

Kimat ken sal-it agcacamacam 
sinirocda di cawayan;
casla narabaraban
a buoc di cawayan.

Lightning and thunder in 

quick succession attacked the 
clump of bamboos and trimmed
it like hair. 

(17) 

"Ay, naalas, kababainman
no awitenca a cawayan -
immuna daytoy cawayan
ket simmaruno ni Don Juan.

"Ay," Don Juan said, "it 

would be shameful on my part 
should I carry you, bamboos."
The bamboos therefore went 
before and Don Juan followed 
after, 

(18)

Idinto nga inna magtengan
di balay nga inulogan,
nagguornos dagitaoy cawayan
iti arpad di arubayan. 

When he reached home, the 

bamboos arranged themselves 
in the houseyard. 

(19)

Ket kinona ni babain Namongan, 
"Ay, asawac a Don Juan,
dayta man tongo ti agdalagan 
a sagat ken gasatan.

And Namogan said, "My

husband Don Juan, I need
firewood such as molave and 
gasatan for my lying-in,

(20) 

"Dangla ken bayabas nga inukisan,
ket inca met cuma gumatang
itay dongdong ken dalican
ta isu ti pagdalangan.

"And also dangla and guava 

stripped of its bark.  Also 
you go and buy a jar and a 
stove on which to warm myself.

(21)
"Ti digusco nga agdalagan
ken banga to maymaysan
tapno adda pangiccan
ti cacadua ti anactan" 

"Also prepare water for my
bath and a one-man pot so that 
we shall have something to keep 
the cadcaddua of our child in."

22)
Ket idi napaaddana amin dagitan
isu met to ipapanawnan ni Don Juan
a simmuroing ti cawayan
napan idiay bantay cangisitan;

When he had all these things
prepared, Don Juan set out for 
the blackest mountain by way 
of the river.

(23) 
Ta mapan makidangadang
cadagiti Igorot a burican.
Isu metten a pasngayan ni Namongan
daydi nabukelda a daran.

To engage the checkered 
Igorots in a fight.  
In the meantime Namongan 
lay in confinement 

(24) 
Awan ti dida maayaban
a mangilut a parteran,
ni lacay Marcos a batucan,
ni Alisot ken Pasho a mayaman. 

All available midwives were
called to assist in the delivery
including Old Marcos, the diver, 
Alisot, and Pasho, the rich man.

(25)
Ket awan lat' nacapaltot gayam.
Addaman nalagipdan
daydi baket nga ar-arucutan
nga awan pigsat' ramramaynan.

But all their effort to a successful
delivery availed not.
And they thought of an old woman, 
shorn of almost all her strength.

(26)
Ket idinto ta mapaltotnan
ni inan babai Namongan,
maysa a lalaki ti rimmuar;
ket agsao met daytoy ubiung itan.

And she succeeded in helping
Namongan to a successful
issue.  The new-born was a boy
who had already the gift of speech.

(27)
"Ay ina ngamin Namongan,
no innacto pabuniagan
tinto Lam-ang caniac maipanagan
ket ti manganac ni lakay Gibuan."

"Ay, mother Namongan, 
when you have me baptized,
baptize me with the name
Lam-ang and my god-father.
shall be the old man Gibuan."

(Continued)

Friday, August 29, 2014

Sampaguita - Pride of Filipinos

National Flower of the Philippines. 
Sampaguita is ever present on special occasions such as wedding and graduation.  Even in ordinary times sampaguita is used in many ways, such as pendant on the rear mirror of a car or jeep, lei for Santo Niño, brooch, necklace, headdress, and the like.  
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday


It was a long walk and the hikers knew they were getting near their destination, a flower farm in San Luis, Pampanga in Central Luzon, Philippines. The air was filled with the singular fragrance of an immaculate white flower, the sampaguita. This flower is the pride of the Filipinos, it being their national flower. Its scientific name is Jasminium sambac.

The source of the fragrance sprawled before the hikers – a track garden very much like a hillside tea farm in China or in Sri Lanka. Sampaguita and tea have a common growth pattern. They are bushy shrubs, trimmed waist high to form a continuous hedge that makes harvesting easier. It also reminds one of vineyards in Europe and California where grapes are grown along the shape and contour of the land.

Sampaguita Farming

Each garden is the size of a typical rice paddy, a tenth of a hectare (or one mu in China). This is equivalent to 1,000 square meters or one-tenth of a hectare. Small as it may when compared with other farms, sampaguita is a high value crop. It requires initial high investment and takes around two years to become commercially productive. Production technology is rather new and the industry - from farming to garland making - is labor intensive. But the profit derived may be several times over that of an ordinary field crop. For a size of one to two mus, a family can comfortably live on the farm’s produce, and this is appropriate for small landholdings of fairly large families. The farm which the group of hikers visited (one of whom is the author) is just ideal for one family to manage. 


“Sampaguita must be a profitable business,” we remarked.  The lady gardener smiled and looked down in a gesture of humility while doing some mental computation. The lady is an Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW)-turned-entrepreneur. She is Brigida S. Batac, a former school teacher who went to Saudi, then returned some years later. Today she heads the family farm. 

Brigida S. Batac and sister, Cristina (2nd and 3rd, respectively) demonstrate to their guests the making of sampaguita leis and garlands 

Sampaguita Garlands

The garland making area is the family porch. Brigida’s sister, Cristina, 27, demonstrated the technique of garland making. As the farming business includes "manufacturing", the value of the product is increased, hence the term, value added.

The lesson to be learned is that production, processing and marketing must be integrated under one roof, with the entrepreneur and members of his or her family having control over these aspects of business. Subsequently, the business becomes more self-reliant and viable.

Marketing Scheme

The main markets of sampaguita garlands are  in Manila -
Quiapo, Divisoria, Balintawak Caloocan, and Malolos in Bulacan. These centers serve as bagsakan (unloading and wholesale zone). From here, the sampaguita garlands are retailed in sidewalks, around churches and restaurants where parties are usually held. It is the sampaguita a little girl offers, gently tapping your car’s window after stepping on the brake at some busy intersection in the city. It is the sampaguita we wear on graduation day, when we are greeted at the airport, when we pray to Santo Niño. It is the sampaguita we simply hang in our sala (living room) or bedroom. Its sight and fragrance exudes a feeling of freshness and peace. 

Sampaguita has made lasting impressions in the lives of Filipinos. It draws out romantic feelings like in this verse.

“A trophy, that I would rather miss;

for a sampaguita from a Miss
who gives it to me with a kiss.”

The sampaguita flowers are shy under the noonday sun but the scenario is a respite as if we were among the blooming hedges of some Italian- or French-type garden. 



We tried out hands stringing sampaguita buds, forming the familiar leis and garlands. It is not an easy job. It takes a lot of skill, and speed to catch up with the freshness and aroma of the flowers, thus meeting the market schedules. Both sisters, Brigida and Cristina, were patient teachers, and soon enough the group began to form a production line of sorts, a prototype of the assembly line for mass production.

Selling sampaguita leis on the sidewalk. 

Tapping the Potentials of an Enterprise

With the bright prospects of expanding the industry, we sat down with the family and talked about some aspects of the business. This is what we found out which may be useful to those who would like to put up a sampaguita business. 

  • There is an economic farm size for every crop in a farm. A feasibility study is needed. Consult those who have larger farms.

  • Production technology must be improved to attain higher, and more uniform production volumes, while cutting down on costs. Work towards sustainable productivity. 

  • Integrate the flower planting business with pendant flower production such as champaca (Michella alba), ilang-ilang (Cananga odorata), and camia, some of the pendant flowers in demand.
  • Introduce cut flower production for roses, gladiolus, daisies and even orchids for diversification. Planners call this horizontal integration. Blossoms of Heliconia (lobster’s claw or bird of paradise) have recently become popular in flower arrangement. From the results of pilot testing, select those flowers which are adaptable and profitable.
  • Eliminate the use of dangerous chemical pesticides. Replace them with botanical pest exterminators such as pyrethrum and rotenone which are biodegradable. Greenhouse cultivation is too sophisticated and expensive for the average farm. But there are makeshift plastic greenhouses using Japanese and Chinese models. Chlorinated hydrocarbon and phosphatic compounds, chemical pesticides which act as systemic poisons, are hazardous to the gardener and the seller alike, through poison inhalation and skin contact.
  • There is need to expand research into the many uses of sampaguita. There are a number of medicinal uses of sampaguita. In Malaysia, women soak the flowers in water for washing their faces. In China the flowers are used to give added aroma to tea. The flowers are applied as poultice, or medicated mass, covering to the breasts of women to reduce their secretion of milk. A paste compounded with the roots of Acacia is applied to relieve headache. The leaves are used as poultice and spread over sores or other lesions.
  • The production of sampaguita for perfumes, car fresheners or room deodorizers is another challenge for cottage industrialists. 
Enterprise and Cooperative

The profitability of an enterprise for a family is one thing, but the collective success of a community of families is another.

While it is true that there are individually successful entrepreneurs, it is essential that this success be duplicated. Hence, there is need to organize small enterprises such as a cooperative to enable them to compete in the bigger market. Economies of scale dictates that big and organized enterprises survive where unorganized and small businesses may not. And this is the reason why multinational businesses dominate the markets, forcing small ones to fold up.

Small is Beautiful

We have no biases against big business. But we have learned from experience how difficult it is to manage a big one. As gleamed from EC Schumacher’s book, Small is Beautiful: Economics As If People Mattered, he pointed out that progress has a limit, and that bigness alone is not a guarantee of dominance and stability. Small enterprises are more resilient in weathering socio-economic storms, which explains the book’s title. This award-winning book won the author the title, “Hero for the Planet Earth,” given by Time Magazine. Small farm businesses tend to be more environment friendly, if they are conscious of sustainable productivity concept.

The last thought that came was to hope that the success of these model enterprises could be translated into better health and nutrition of the people. After all, what justifications can a state give for having a good GNP (Gross National Product) but poor HDI (Human Development Index)?

GNP, HDI and GNH

The Gross National Product can be raised to as much 10 percent, a very high estimate for the Philippines. (Our projection is five percent this year, compared to Vietnam’s seven percent.) But what equally matters is that increasing or having a desirable GNP should be accompanied by just as desirable Human Development Index, and lately Gross National Happiness (GNH) which is being pioneered by Nepal as a measure of national progress.

HDI is measured in terms of education, health, employment, and literacy of the people, including rates of mortality, morbidity and malnutrition of infants and children. Therefore, if the aggregate rates of return for services and manufacturing and agriculture are high, then there would be less poor people, and the standard of living improved.

Having said goodbye to the Brigida family, we wished them that their efforts continue to serve as a catalyst in the development of their community and make their barangay a microcosm of a progressive and happy nation. ~

Thursday, August 28, 2014

The Vulture and a Child: A Surreal Fable and Saddest Picture - is it? A critique-analysis

UST-AB Photography
Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio 
738 DZRB AM Band, 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

I wish to share the result of a discussion with my students in photography and friends in the academe and public service regarding this celebrated photograph. It will no doubt arouse the same pathetic feeling and revulsion, but photographs if grossly browsed like a passing glance may not give the true picture. How I wish we are right in your own judgment. 

Upper photo, enlarged for clarity and study; lower photo is original from the Internet. 
Even the saddest condition this photo portrays has some light of hope that the real situation is not really that worst.

First, the setting of the photo is a community. The grass huts, version of our bahay kuho, typical in farming communities, are huddled into a compound or neighborhood, likely the dwellings of a large family or related members of a tribe.

Second, the photo was taken towards the end of harvest. The harvest is now stored in the shacks after it has been threshed or shelled. Grains are visible over the threshing ground. And it seems gleaning can wait - if ever to be done at all. Which means the harvest is not really bad. Note the normal size of the stovers of sorghum or corn lying on the field and those piled in stack or mandala among the huts apparently stored as buffer stock.

Third, the trees form cozy woodland in spite of the dry condition that characterizes harvestime. Trees usually grow where there is a good source of water, probably a stream or basin which serves as sump for irrigation. (Note the irrigation levee of the field, like the pilapil of our rice paddy. It is likely that the levee is for retaining water from rain, but could serve for flash irrigation as well.) The closer the trees grow, and the wider the area they occupy, means water is readily available throughout the year. In all indications the woodland is a permanent feature of the landscape. It shows the features of an ecosystem – permanence and diversity.

Fourth, in a drought stricken area where people are occasionally driven to famine, the signs of destruction of the place are visible. Trees would be stripped of their foliage, whole trees cut for firewood, people abandoning destroyed homes, and nothing is green. Soil cracks, bushfire remains are evident. But here in the photo the fields bear new growth, some patches of grass, which means that rain is not totally absent or that the ground is bone dry.

Fifth, the vulture is a popular part of the savannah landscape. They have learned to frequent farms, pastures, and villages, and mingle with living things while scavenging in the process. Our concept of wild animals may be exaggerated such as a lion devouring an antelope, or a shark suddenly attacking a swimmer on the beach. Through adaptation, and ingrained in a particular culture, such fear is uncommon to the natives of the place. The relationship of the vulture and the boy in the photo shows no strain on neither part. The vulture keeps a comfortable distance without any sign of aggression or ritual behavior of a predator. Often, vultures are gregarious, and very seldom does one venture alone, especially if there is potential food at hand.

Sixth, the boy is very much alive. He may be thin, but this is common among inhabitants of arid regions. Also, parents don't pamper their children like we do. But they are equally if not more caring and loving. Note the necklace of the child. It could be a tribal insignia or indicator of social standing. Independence and curiosity often go together. Could he be playing? Or just curious at a thing? The apparent absence of fear in the boy is as instinctive as fear itself in the verge of dying. In the latter, too, instinct draws out the ultimate defense of self preservation, whether one young or old – which does not show in the child.

Seventh, community life in rural villages is an extension of family life. Abandonment is very rare. In general the poorer people are, the closer they are bonded biologically and as a community. And it is difficult to rationalize ones way out from collective responsibility. It is unthinkable to leave a young kid alone treading towards a distant feeding camp, when in the first place he has no idea what it is about, more so on how to get there. Could the photo have been scripted?

Eighth, if the photographer did nothing to save the boy as alleged, could it be for the aforementioned reasons? That there was no imminent danger of a vulture about to attack the kid soon after he would breath his last? (Vulture do not prey on living things, they are scavengers). The photographer must have gauged well the situation before he left the place. The ethics of journalism is to uphold human dignity. It is sensitive to human rights and freedom. It is compassionate and humane. These set media on a plane of high respect and caliber. It is unthinkable to attribute the author’s sad fate to his own inaction.

Ninth, The UN could not have missed a basic responsibility as it is known for its thoroughness and comprehensive manner of handling such a sensitive operation, networking with institutions, communities, and known leaders. The presence of a photographer in the area is proof enough that the area is not isolated or abandoned. Also, it is unthinkable for one to put another into a bad light amidst crisis.

Tenth, the impact of the photo broke silence and indifference of the world on victims of circumstances. There must have been some vestiges of projecting compassion, or even draw ire and anger, but as a whole the photo is a reminder of the oneness of humanity, that when someone dies, a little bit is each member also dies; and for the victory of one however modest it may be, makes everyone feel triumphant. The ability of mankind to succeed in all its trials has been the result of such beautiful unity and harmony. Which the child and the vulture brought new light and fresh reminder. ~ 

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

UST-AB Photography: Life must go on - and on.

Exhibited photographs by students in Communication Art, University of Santo Tomas 
Prepared the caption of each of three photos of your choice.














Life must go on.

Ad Infinitum to Doom

Dr Abe V Rotor
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday
Kapok tree (Ceiba pentandra). Heavy fruiting indicates coming drought and poor crop yield. 

When a tree dies, a rivulet dies;
When a rivulet dies, a stream dies;
When a stream dies, a river dies;
When a river dies, a lake dies;
When a lake dies, a valley dies;
When a valley dies, a town dies
Ad infinitum to final doom.

x x x

"Cities in the Sky" - Boom or Doom?

134 cities with the most high-rise buildings

Dr Abe V Rotor 
Living with Nature School on Blog
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid (People's School on Air) with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB 8 to 9 evening class, Monday to Friday

Acknowledgement: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article's factual accuracy is disputed. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced. (October 2013)


Burj Khalifa in Doha, Qatar - soon to be the tallest buildings in the world 

Do you like to live in a high-rise building in a big city?
A self-analysis based on 20 scenarios. 
Dr Abe V Rotor


You would feel you are on top of the world, and in Cloud 9 dreaming, detached from the rest of humanity and the realities of life;

You will be dependent for most of your daily activities on technology, and on hired services and remote control gadgets;

You will not have neighbors in the traditional sense built by natural communities, but by acquaintances and circumstances;

You will be living most likely alone, or with others incidental to your work; your quarters as residence and workplace;

You will learn to tolerate the effects of changing pressure on fast lanes and elevator, but not its ill consequences;

You will learn to defeat fear of living in a high rise building, but unable to erase the worst scenario of an earthquake;

You will be accustomed with locations, directions, floor numbers, hour of the day, yet get disoriented not without embarrassment;   

You will be using credit cards, take advantage of the convenience of e-mails, e-commerce,
e-learning, and the ethic of self-service;

You will not know when the sun rises or sets behind heavy curtain; and aware only of the direction and views your window faces; 

You will learn to live with the danger of possible disaster with worst scenarios depicted in movies, and the 9-11 Twin Tower tragedy;            

You will learn to live without touching the ground much less the garden soil, pick flowers and fruits, sit on the grass, except on occasions; 

You will soon forget what a tobacco plant looks like, if apple mango is a hybrid, how to make kites that fly; if toads also croak;

You will be seeing your doctor now and then for unexplained ailments, and he will tell you the air above the city is stale; it's smog;

You will have to go to the gym to lose weight, avoid fast foods and overeating, and fight off psychological appetite and sedentary living;  



You will find it difficult to tell if your condo, studio, apartment, suite, is truly a home with your family - or just temporary, or for investment; 




You dare not think The Day After Tomorrow is a true story, not even a futuristic one, yet know for certain that cities are the main targets of war;




You seem to see the world fleeting with The Good Life, frivolous and prosaic, unaware of the passing of seasons, and inevitability of getting old;  



You can hardly trace your roots save immediate relatives because of transience, change of domicile, and acculturation;


You think you have reached the peak of civilization; you can't imagine yourself to be living in Castaway, Robinson Crusoe, Swiss Family Robinson;   

You will keep your faith in the Almighty but feel less attached to organized religion in the light of spiritual enlightenment and freedom;  




You feel you are on top of the world, and in Cloud 9, longing to be part of humanity again, and face the grim realities of life.~ 
Tallest buildings by comparison
 Tallest buildings in the world in a composite satellite image. It used to be that only the Great Wall of China is the only man made structure that can be seen from the moon with the naked eye. Now the great cities and tall building complexes are a common sight from the moon glowing in the dark space like a star, and beaming with sunlight on a clear day.  
Neo-Tower of Babel - the Two-Mile-High Ultima Tower.  Actually, it's a concept as old as in paleolithic times when humans became really humans some 2.6 million years ago when whole mountains were carved into cave dwellings and communities.  Put them together in a compact scale, and you have the proto-Ultima tower - even higher and wider, cum subterranean and towering superstructures and networkings.  While all these manifest human genius and creativity, the syndrome of the biblical tragedy - the Fall of the Tower of Babel - will always haunt mankind of its vulnerability -  and eventual doom.            
 Hongkong
 Singapore
 New York
 London
This is a list of cities with the most high-rise buildings. 
A high-rise is defined as a structure at least 35 meters (115 ft) or 12 stories tall. Cities with 100 or more high-rise buildings are listed here.

Rank      City             Country          Buildings       Population
1          Hong Kong  Hong Kong       7,896        7,061,200
2          Singapore   Singapore        6,959        5,312,400
3          New York United States      6,504        8,336,897
4          São Paulo  Brazil                6,467       11,316,149
5          Caracas[3] Venezuela        3,864         5,962,259
6          Moscow  Russia                3,754       10,452,000
7          Seoul South Korea             2,955       10,421,782
8          Rio de Janeiro Brazil          2,947         6,161,047
9          Tokyo Japan                     2,779       13,001,279
10        Toronto  Canada                2,511         2,791,140
11        Istanbul Turkey                  2,439       11,372,613
12        Mumbai  India                    2,299       20,748,395
13        Tehran Iran                        2,203       15,828,365
14        Karachi Pakistan                1,942       22,000,000
15        Buenos Aires Argentina      1,870         2,891,082
16        Belo Horizonte Brazil          1,770         2,594,968
17        Kiev Ukraine                      1,531         2,819,566
18        Dhaka Bangladesh             1,521       15,000,000
19        London  United Kingdom     1,478        8,174,000
20        Osaka Japan                     1,463        2,643,805
21        Mexico City Mexico            1,364        8,836,045
22        Delhi  India                        1,347      21,753,486
23        Lahore Pakistan                 1,285     10,500, 000
24        Madrid Spain                     1,227        7,213,271
25        Chicago United States        1,125        2,707,120
26        Bangkok Thailand              1,106         6,653,987
27        Recife Brazil                      1,103        1,549,980
28        Santiago Chile                   1,094        4,985,893
29        Shanghai China                  1,057        9,145,711
30        Campinas Brazil                   931        1,056,644
31        Beijing China                        899       12,746,519
32        Sydney Australia                  845        4,399,722
33        Curitiba Brazil                      800        1,797,408
34        Minsk Belarus                      808        1,830,700
35        Yekaterinburg Russia           792        1,323,000
36        Isfahan Iran                         739        1,908,968
37        Kuala Lumpur Malaysia        725        1,887,674
38        Manila Philippines                778      11,553,427
39        Paris France                        689       2,234,994
40        Porto Alegre  Brazil              674       1,420,667
41        Jakarta Indonesia                 674      9,898,978
42        Los Angeles United States    659       4,234,340
43        Vancouver Canada               638         578,041
44        Mashhad Iran                       635      3,069,941
45        Sofia   Bulgaria                     631      1,404,458
46        Chittagong Bangladesh         630      6,500,000
47        Kolkata India                        627      9,811,265
48        Rawalpindi/Islamabad Pak    625     2, 680, 905
49        Karaj   Iran                          622     1,967,005     
51        Dubai U Arab Emirates         568     2,262,000
52        Macau China                       564     546,200
53        Tabriz Iran                          563     2,276,880
55        Melbourne  Australia            555     4,200,000
56        Chongqing China                  539     6,300,000
57        Kharkiv Ukraine                   522     1,461,000
58        Faisalabad Pakistan            521     2,540,069                                   
60        Guangzhou China                503     7,607,200
61        Wuhan China                      479     4,550,000
62        Montreal Canada                475     1,620,693
63        Barcelona Spain                 463     1,615,908
62        Bangalore India                  462     4,292,223
65        Honolulu United States        439     953,207
66        San Francisco US               417     799,185
67        Ankara Turkey                    416     4,751,360
68        Hyderabad Pakistan           410     3,429,471
69        Lima Perú                          400     8,700,000
69        Multan Pakistan                 396     5,216,268
70        Benidorm Spain                 390     67,627
71        Houston United State         360     2,208,180
72        Shenzhen China                 357     1,245,000
73        Ottawa Canada                351     883,391
74        Rotterdam Netherlands      349     616,248
75        Novosibirsk Russia            348     1,425,508
76        Bogotá Colombia              346     6,776,009
77        Philadelphia US                330     1,449,634
78        Washington  US                330     588,292
79        Berlin Germany                326     3,429,300
80        Bilbao Spain                     302     354,145
81        Santo Domingo Dom Rep  300     2,552,398
82        Málaga Spain                    298       576,725
83        Miami United States          295      424,662
84        Valencia Spain                  292       810,064
85        Tianjin China                     289    11,760,000
86        Brisbane Australia            286     2,115,440
87        Frankfurt Germany           285     670,095
88        Gold Coast City Australia  281     469,214
89        Calgary Canada               260     988,193
90        San Juan Puerto Rico       252     434,374
91        Dallas United States         246     1,266,372
92        Edmonton Canada            244     812,201
93        Boston United States        237     608,352
94        Arlington United States     232     204,568
95        Atlanta United States        231     420,003
96        Valencia Venezuela          229     2,222,549
98        Seattle United States        222     594,210
99        Brussels Belgium              208     1,134,638
100     Auckland New Zealand       205     1,377,200
101     Denver United States          204     588,349
102     Peshawar Pakistan            196     3,307,798
103     Milan  Italy                        196     4,216,268
104     Glasgow United Kingdom   192     662 954
105     Minneapolis  United States 192     377,392
106     Detroit United States          170     916,952
107     Birmingham UK                  166     965 928
108     Burnaby Canada                164     223,218
109     Baltimore United States      159     640,150
110     Pittsburgh United States     151     311,218
111     Miami Beach United States 150     87,925
112     St. Louis United States       150     355,663
113     San Diego United States     149     1,266,731
114     Perth  Australia                  145     1,602,559
115     Manchester UK                  138     2,030,519
116     Fort Lauderdale US            136     183,606
117     Gujranwala Pakistan           136     1,124,799
118     Adelaide Australia               136     1,172,105
119     Las Vegas United States     135     558,880
120     Winnipeg Canada                132     619,544
121     Portland  United States        129     550,396
122     Cincinnati United States       120     752,490
124     Austin United States            119     743,074
125     Leeds United Kingdom         118     715,000
126     London Canada                   116     470,000
127     Wellington New Zealand       116     393,400
128     Milwaukee United States      114     604,477
129     Nashville United States         114     590,807
130     Kansas City United States    112     475,830
131     Cleveland United States        111     438,042
132     New Orleans United States   107     288,113
133     North Sydney Australia         107     61,802
134     Newark United States           100     278,980

NOTE:    Reference has no data for Nos. 50, 54, 123