Monday, December 31, 2012

The Art of Toast: Happy New Year!

Compiled and edited by Dr Abe V Rotor

Toasts for the New Year


The book is closed...
The year is done,
The pages full
Of tasks begun.
A little joy...
A little care
Along with dreams
Are written there.
This new day brings
Another year,
Renewing hope...
Dispelling care.
And may we find
Before the end,
A deep content...
Another friend.
   - Arch Ward, Chicago Daily Tribune

I wish you health
I wish you wealth,
I wish you gold in store,
I wish you Heaven upon earth -
What could I wish for more?"
- Anonymous



New Year Quotations: 


One of the richest rituals at the closing of each old year is to count the roster of my friends in the mood of a poet: "And always as the Old Year ends, I clasp my rosary of friends and pause to breathe a grateful prayer, for every bead of friendship there."
- Anonymous  

"Time has no division to mark its passage; there is never a thunderstorm or blare of trumpets to announce the beginning of a new month or year. Even when a new century begins, it is only we mortals who ring the bells and fire off the pistils," - Thomas Mann

What do you say when you offer a toast? Here are some examples to a particular occasion.

A. Among old friends

"To the old, long life and treasure;
To the young, all health and pleasure

- Ben Johnson

Here's that you may live a hundred happy years,
And I may live a hundred less one day,
For I don't care to live any longer,
When you good fellows have all passed away."

- Richard Carle

B. When it come's to Love
Here's to Love - the only fire against which there is no insurance."

Here's to Love which makes time pass and
Here's to time which makes Love pass.

Let those now who never loved before,
And those who always loved, now love the more.

C. For good health
Here's to your good health! You make Age curious, Time furious,
and all of us envious.

Here's health and happiness to you.
May you always possess the former and find the latter.


D. Good Luck
May misfortune follow you all the days of your life
and never overtake you.

May Dame Fortune ever smile on you
But never her daughter - Miss Fortune.

E. To Women
Here's to woman - who came after Man, and who has been after him ever since.

Here's to woman who is as old as she looks;
and here's to man who is old when he stops looking.

Trivia: What is it that you eat at breakfast and drink at dinner?
Answer: Toast
Acknowledgment: Judge Jacob M Braude: Speaker's Encyclopedia of Humor, Prentice-Hall, NJ; Jokes, Quotes and One-liners for public speakers, HV Procknow and HV Procknow Jr; Photo credit: Internet

Friday, December 28, 2012

December 30 - Rizal Day: Living up with Rizal

Dr Abe V Rotor
Since childhood I have always looked up to our national hero, Dr Jose P Rizal, as my personal hero. 

Here is a list of lessons I gathered from my readings about his life and works.

1. Don't allow yourself to fall into vices and bad habits.

2. Seek the truth, how difficult and painful it may cause you.

3. Tap your talents, develop them to the fullest and use them for a cause.

4. Work hard, aim high, and realize your dreams.

5. Never associate yourself with people who can destroy your values and principles.

6. Fight for your rights, and the rights of others, seek for and stand by the truth.

The hero's monument at Rizal ParK (Luneta), Manila

7. Always be ready to help people, particularly those who are less fortunate than you are.

8. Love your country, there is no better place in the whole world.

9. Love your people, they are your pride, dedicate your life to them.

10. Freedom is the first and ultimate right of any individual.

11. Never forget to recognize God' wisdom and goodness in the midst on man's evil ways.

12. Be fair, be objective, be sincere in seeking justice.

13. The meaning of life is its consecration to a great idea - even if its time has not come.

14. In death there is light even before freedom for which you fought has not dawned.

15. Goodness will always triumph over evil; never evil over evil.

16. Look back at tradition, preserve and be proud of it; it is the foundation of values in life.

17. Remember your ancestors and those who died for your country and people.

18. Fight for the cause of social justice; you have all reasons to gain for your people and country - even if you lose.

19. The three greatest treasures of mankind are liberty, fraternity and equality - guard them with your life.

 20. Martyrdom is the greatest credential that shall earn you a place to be with your Creator.

Dr Jose P Rizal's Park in the US (Seattle) and Germany 

Assignment: Add to the list other lessons this great man has influenced you, the Filipino people, and the world. ~

Great Men I most admire






Dr Jose P Rizal                                                    Abraham Lincoln
National Hero of the Philippines                       Most loved US President



                       
                                       Jules Verne                               Albert Einstein
                               Science fiction novelist          Scientist, Man of the 20th Century 

                        Mahatma Gandhi                     Carl Jung
                      Man of the Millennium           Psychologist of the unconscious mind

Leonardo da Vinci                                            Demosthenes
Man for all seasons                                         Greatest Greek orator


                        
 Claude Monet         Martin Luther King
Impressionist painter       Human Rights advocate


St Paul, the Apostle              Charles Darwin
      Greatest Apostle                   Greatest Naturalist

Assignment: Make your own list of great men and women who have influenced your life.  Briefly explain in what way, and at what stage they became important.  How do you relate them with your present state?  

The Heart of a Living Rock


Dr Abe V Rotor

Batungan,a rock formation in Mandaon, Masbate.

I entered the heart of this living rock,
hollow and eerie;
bats and strange creatures lurk in the dark;
it's a scary story.

Years after I visited this scene once more;
and stayed longer;
I saw shadows moving in the rock's core;
it's a story to wonder.

It speaks of an allegory and history
where man was born;
when man lived a simple life and was free,
happy and at home.

Thursday, December 27, 2012

Let's control the fruit fly: cosmopolitan pest of fruits and vegetables


Let's control the fruit fly: cosmopolitan pest of fruits and vegetables
Dr Abe V Rotor


Fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis (Family Tephritidae, Order Diptera) on banana and mabolo.  
Note the nature of damage, and size of the mature insect.  


Old folks used to tell us kids in our time that the first rain in summer brings in the dangaw (Ilk) or fruit fly rendering native fruits, like duhat, macopa and guava, unfit to eat.  True enough the first bite reveals tiny punctures, and when fully ripe. tunnels with tiny maggots squirming and catapulting to our disgust. We would throw away the whole fruit, and spit what we had hastily eaten. 

But in those days the fruit fly had few hosts, until new varieties were developed and introduced. These became readily vulnerable, triggering the buildup and spread of the pest.  New frontiers were opened, more kinds of crops cultivted, more varied agricultural practices developed breaking away from the natural cycle of the environment. Today the fruit fly has become a cosmopolitan pest of orchard, garden and field crops.    

What a havoc the fruit fly can create on a mango tree laden with fruits.  Or macopa in season. Guava. Caimito and the like. Orchards and plantations are ruined by this pest, a direct relative of the housefly. 

And that's just part of  a larger ruin. Trellises of ampalaya, squash, cucumber, and fields of  pepper, tomato, eggplant, and other vegetables virtually go to waste. 

Unless heavy doses of insecticide are applied  - poison that coats whole fruits to repel the gravid female from laying eggs, poison to cover whole fields so that no place is left to harbor the pest for a second round of attack.  And poison that can penetrate the ensconced maggots before it could do further damage. This is the most potent pesticide ever formulated.  It is systemic poison because it circulated through the plant sap, like blood, and any insect that attacks from the inside or outside is certain to die. 

It is a fact that poisons in food, air and many items cause cancer.  Pesticides are culprits to many cases of cancer.  So with kidney and liver problems, fatal or lifelong liability. Pesticides being mainly nerve poisons affect the brain and the senses, and therefore behavior and quality of life in general.  

We relate the issue of pest to global warming which has disturbed our climatic pattern and modified geography. Rainfall has become erratic,  Seasons unsuspectingly come early or late.  Sometimes there is summer. Force majeure is more often and severe. Thus the need of new agricultural strategies.  

Now we have greenhouses of tomato, melon, bell pepper, but  greenhouse products are more expensive than those produced on open fields. Geneticists came up with Genetically Modified crops - like FlavrSavr tomato.Genetically modified organisms or GMOs are dangerous to health and human development, particularly among children. That is why GMOs are branded Frankenfoods (from Frankenstein, the man-made monster in Mary Shelley's novel of the same title.) 

The fruit fly is not merely a pest.  It is a element that has sown destruction to agriculture, and therefore to the economy. It is changing the way we live. Let's control it before it does more harm.        

Let's control the fruit fly (not to be mistaken for the Drosphilla melanogaster), that has evolved into  several species under the genera Bactrocera, Dacus and Ceratitis.  They have become major pest worldwide of orchards, farms and garden, on avocado, banana, citrus, cacao, coffee, cucumber, guava, papaya, pepper, eggplant, tomato, melon, cucumber, and a host of other plants - not to mention the most important host, the mango.   

Let's control the fruit fly by cutting off its life cycle, before it lays eggs on fruits  - young and ripe -  that ultimately causes them to fall or rot on the tree; and in its feeding introduces bacteria and fungi that exacerbate damage to the tree and plantation, not to mention the harmful effect it has to humans. That by keeping strict sanitation, collecting damaged fruits as possible breeding material, and eliminating alternate hosts to bridge the next season, its population can be kept on a safe level. 

Let's control the fruit fly by bagging the fruits early  with paper bag, cut newspaper, and other suitable materials, before the gravid female oviposits on the fruits, popular a practice on mango, nangka, cucumber, ampalaya, and other crops that are convenient to protect in this laborious means. Bagging also protects fruits from other pest, injury, excessive sunlight, and reduces blemishes and deformities.     

Let's control the fruit fly by prudent use of chemical pesticide, applying it only as a last resort after all safer means are exhausted, and applying only at a threshold level determined collectively by growers in the area. Overuse of chemicals have spawned mutants in the pest population leading to increased resistance among survivors which they pass on to the next generation. Thus higher dosage or more potent chemicals are required in succeeding seasons.   

Let's control the fruit fly through cooperative farming, following specific schedules of planting, cultivation, and harvesting, among other cultural practices, like crop diversification, use of resistant varieties, roughing affected plants and residues and burning them.  Quarantine control is easier to implement, so with other government rules, and specifications of products for the local and foreign markets. 

Let's control the fruit fly to bring down the price of fruits and vegetables at affordable level, assure quality products and reduce crop loss, increase income of producers and processors, and reduce dependence on imported fruits and vegetables. And encourage backyard self-sufficiency, promote proper nutrition and good health.   

Let's control fruit flies with the same resolve in suppressing global scourges of crops (tungro of rice, blight of cereals, borers of corn),  and livestock (foot-and-mouth disease, mad cow disease), epidemics affecting human populations (HIV-AIDS, Ebola, Avian Flu), through personal initiative and or in support to national and international organizations. And through research and extension, through the academe and R & D institutions.~ 


 Cucurbit fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae), representation of  a typical fruit fly (Dacus sp); baiting fruit flies with diluted vinegar in plastic bottle with punched holes to let attracted fruit flies to enter and get trapped), bagging of green mango fruits. Acknowledgment: Internet www infonet-biovision.org


Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Sail Boats Forever


Dr Abe V Rotor

Sailboats in acrylic, AVR c. 2004

What a crude game, you may say, 
Of my ancestors’ sailboats catching
 
The breeze, docking the gusts,
 
Edging the rocks, sans compass
 
Or sextant, map and telescope.


What prize is at stake? Not a trophy. 
Yet the instinct craves for a prize
 
Like in The Old Man and the Sea;
 
A prize he found, mindless of people.
 
Who saw nothing of his adventure.


Let the sailboats play in the wind

And water, let alone an old boat 
At rest, sitting on rock like an old man,

Standing guard over the young, who too, 
Shall someday play the same old game.
 ~

Monday, December 24, 2012

Can a baby say, Thank you?

Can a baby say, Thank you?  
Dr Abe V Rotor

 Three-month old Mackie responds happily in receiving Christmas gifts from her lola and uncle. 


Plant early and reap its reward,
for love begets love,
and beauty builds upon beauty,
as this is seen Above.

A baby sang in joy and praise
in Mozart's harmony,
join the angels' serenade
in praise of God's glory.

And gratitude taught early
though the gift's not the best,
need not the grown up to learn
if sown in the nest. ~    




Thursday, December 20, 2012

Longfellow's Psalm of Life uplifts the spirit this Christmas Season

Dr Abe V Rotor Living with Nature - School on Blog

Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB AM 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday


Psalm of Life is the perhaps the most important poem written by America's darling poet, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

The poem is among the world's most quoted and recited pieces of literature; in fact, it is a prayer by and in itself. It speaks of universal values, feelings and compassion, of valor and sacrifice, and of victory over ones own battle.

Longfellow himself, a victim of a family tragedy, rose to further fame and dignity. After the death of his wife in an accidental fire he went on raising his young children, and teaching in the university, experimenting with new forms and styles of poetry, producing Hiawatha and Evangeline that revolutionized poetry.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882)

I found a very old publication, Longfellow's Evangeline (copyright 1883)with the author's biographical sketch. In describing Longfellow's trial in life, allow me to quote, "More than a score of years remained with the poet, and he had the love of his children and the comfort of his work, but the grief was so deep and lasting that he could not trust himself to speak the beloved name of his wife."

From sorrow rises a great triumph, and this is the testimony to greatness - to share not how the world should end, but how it must begin again. Not how one closes himself in, but opens himself to others. Not to "Go Gentle into the Night", but stand sentry to the "Light of Dawn".

Psalm of Life is dedicated to the victims, and all those who suffered and are still suffering, in one way or the other, as a result of 9/26 - September 26 tragedy wrought by Typhoon Ondoy. May we all find comfort, hope, and new meaning of life. Above all unity, harmony, compassion and resolve, as one people and nation. ~



Psalm of Life

Tell me not, in mournful numbers,
Life is but an empty dream!
For the soul is dead that slumbers,
And things are not what they seem.

Life is real! Life is earnest!
And the grave is not its goal;
Dust thou art, to dust returnest,
Was not spoken of the soul.

Not enjoyment, and not sorrow,
Is our destined end or way;
But to act, that each tomorrow
Find us further than today.

Art is long, and time is fleeting,
And our hearts, though stout and brave,
Still, like muffled drums, are beating
Funeral marches to the grave.

In the world's broad field of battle,
In the bivouac of life,
Be not like dumb, driven cattle,
Be a hero in the strife!

Trust no future, how'ver pleasant!
Let the dead past bury its dead!
Act - act in the living present!
Heart within, and Good o'erhead.

Lives of great men all remind us
We can make our lives sublime,
And, departing, leave behind us
Footprints on the sands of time.

Footprints, that perhaps another,
Sailing o'er life solemn main,
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,
Seeing, shall take heart again.

Let us then, be up and doing,
With a heart for any fate;
Still achieving, still pursuing,
Learn to labor and to wait. ~

Longfellow's Craigie House and study room at Cambridge; 

Yes, you can be a good story teller. Start with your own anecdotes

Dr Abe V Rotor

The word anecdote means unpublished. True to its nature an anecdote is typically oral and ephemeral.

It is a short tale narrating an interesting or amusing biographical incident. It is always based on real life, an incident involving actual persons, whether famous or not, in real places. It sets a stage of provocation, more than mere entertainment or narration.

Abraham Lincoln is regarded as the father of the Anecdote. He used it effectively in his administration as president of the United States. And people today use the same technique on many occasions.

What make a good anecdote?

A. It is characterized by
• Witticism
• Humor
• Positivism and inspirational
• Informative and educational

B. It is a combination of these elements that make a good story, depending on the topics and  application.
• As a speaker/ resource person
• Presiding in meetings and conferences
• Informal gatherings /parties
• Writing, news, features
• Broadcasting – radio and TV

C. Stories are used as tool in
• Driving a point indirectly and diplomatically
• Hitting the nail on the head, so to speak
• Friendly advice and reminder
• Admiring a person, institution or place
• Tapping a shoulder in words, kudos, congratulations

D. An anecdote is never
• Moralism (Even a homily should strive not to proselytize.)
• Criticism, especially on persons
• Bulgarism – discreet, dignified, unkind words are avoided.
• Familiarism – not all too familiar topics
• Fatalism – bato bato sa langit syndrome
• Propagandism – and not politicizing 


Story telling is an art. Strive for the state-of-the-art of story telling. ~

Selected Anecdotes of the Great




Napoleon Bonaparte took the crown from the hands of the Pope and he crowned himself as Emperor of France Dec 2, 1804 church of Notre Dame. He owed the crown to no one except himself. His mother shook her head and murmured, “If only it lasts.”

After a series of victories, even after the battle of Trafalgar (combined Spanish and French fleet defeated by Nelson), he tried to govern all of Europe.

He met his defeat at Waterloo in the hands of the Duke of Ellinton. Today, Waterloo is the inevitable downfall of a person.



Christopher Columbus waited for seven long years for the King of Spain to decide on his plan to search a new land West. King of Portugal refused to help him. Henry the VII refused. Charles VIII of France also refused. All hopes gone … then the queen of Spain through Juan Perez her chaplain, sent money to buy clothes and hose, to see the Queen Queen Isabella received Columbus. Condition to be promoted to Admiral and entitled one-tenth of all the wealth, He was refused. A messenger overtook him. And Columbus once more went to the Court . Got the nod of the King and Queen but actually cost them nothing. Port of Palos under displeasure for unpaid taxes and liable of heavy fines. Palos was ordered to provide Columbus his needs. Three ships and men from the town. Came the Pinzon brothers provided Pinta, Nia and Santa Maria.

Magnetic North – is not the true north, and its direction varies from different places on the earth’s surface. But Columbus told the worried crew that it’s not the compass that is wrong but the north star which moved from time to time. And the sailors were satisfied – and they headed into the unknown. It took five long weeks to see land. West Indies (Columbus believed it was part of India) part of Cuba.

David Livingstone – After 4 and 1/2 years no news about him, thought to have been dead, a young man by the name of Stanley was sent by an American newspaper. There at Ujiji, he found Livingstone. Stanley took off his hat.

“Dr, Livingstone, I suppose?”

“Yes,” he said with a kind smile, lifting his cap slightly and shook hands. It was one of the most famous meetings in history.


David the boy. Everyday for 6 weeks Goliath was challenging the Israelites to a duel. David arrived carrying food for the soldiers. David was not afraid and said, “Who does this great boaster think he is?” His brothers scolded him. But Saul the king heard him. David offered to fight Goliath.

"But you are not even a soldier."

"Back home I took care of my father’s sheep... fought lions, bears. I chased and killed them."

"But put your armor first." It was too big and heavy. David took his staff and sling, picked five smooth stones from a stream, and walked confidently to meet Goliath.

It was Goliath's last laugh of his life.

Florence Nightingale – In the night hours, sometimes long after midnight, Florence used to walk through the quiet wards to see that all was well, carrying a little lamp to light her way.

Such was her love for her patients. And soldiers loved, even the rough soldiers, used to kiss her shadow as she passed. Thus she was called The Lady with the Lamp.

She received the highest award from Queen Victoria – a diamond brooch with “Crimea, Blessed are the merciful” engraved on it. ~

Joan of Arc did not use her sword. Sher led the attack on New Orleans with shining armor and banner, and rallied the French forces. On seeing her army, the English soldiers were terrified - The Maid, The Maid! Believing in witchcraft, they fled headlong.

Wounded by an arrow in the shoulder at Tourelles after New Orleans, the French soldiers retreated, until she reappeared. And the French won.~

NOTE: These anecdotes were purposely contracted as outline for speech or similar presentation. The reason is to discourage reading before the audience, and allows spontaneity and flexibility in telling the story.

My brother and I nearly drowned

 My brother and I nearly drowned
Dr Abe V Rotor


When we were kids, Eugene and I nearly drowned in a river. And this is the story.

Busiing River today as it was in our childhood.

There was a friendly man who would come around and dad allowed him to play with us. He knew many things like making slingshot, bird trap (taay), kites, bow and arrow - which kids love to have. People were talking he was a strange fellow, but we simply didn't mind. He was perhaps in his twenties when Eugene and I were in the early grades in San Vicente, Ilocos Sur.


One day this guy (I forgot his name) took us to Busiing river, a kilometer walk or so from the Poblacion. The water was so inviting - and what would kids like best to do? We swam and frolicked and fished, but then the water was steadily rising so we had to hold on the bamboo poles staked in the water to avoid being swept down by the current. I held on tight, and I saw Eugene doing the same on a nearby bamboo pole. the water was up to our neck. The guy must have forgotten us. He was quite far downstream and couldn't hear us shouting for help amid the rushing current and wind. Just then dad came running and saved us at the nick of time. Dad was really angry at the fellow. I never saw him like that.

We realized the extent of the psychiatric condition of this friendly fellow. There are people who are like him. They appear normal but suffer fits of madness. In Ilocano we call them agma-uyong (crazy), samsamatic (abnormal) and agkabus (lunatic, particularly during full moon). Beware of these persons. They may unwittingly put you in extreme danger, and not know you are in it. ~

Anecdote 3: Get away from an angry mob - fast!

Dr Abe V Rotor


Basang, my auntie yaya and I were going home from Vigan on a caleza, a horse drawn carriage. I was around five or six years old, the age children love to tag along wherever there is a place to go. It was midday and the cochero chose to take the shorter gravelly road, which is quite isolated that passes Bantay town. Since there was no traffic our cochero nonchalantly took the smoother left lane fronting a cluster of houses.


Angry mob from the Simpsons, Internet

Suddenly our caleza tilted on one side as if it had gone over a boulder. To my astonishment I saw a boy around my age curled up under the wheel. The caleza came to a stop and the boy just remained still and quiet, dust covered his body. As the cochero helped the boy, residents started coming out of their houses. I heard shouts calling for a doctor, asking who the victim is, telling somebody to get water. Some men angrily confronted the cochero. Bantay is noted for notoriety of some men. 

Instinct must have prodded Basang to carry me away from the maddening crowd. Basang explained everything to dad when we arrived home. Only then that I realized how dangerous it is to face an angry mob.~

Anecdote 4: Machines are no match to Nature

Machines are no match to Nature
Dr Abe V Rotor


Can you drain a fishpond by the sea?

My dad was perhaps the first owner in town of a centrifugal pump, powered by a three-horsepower Briggs and Stratton, and fitted with a two-inch-diameter intake pipe. Which means, we can now irrigate whole fields, or drain fishponds, as we wish, says the instruction mannual.

One summer, dad decided to use the pump in our one-hectare fishpond by the estuary in Nagtupacan, a coastal village of San Vicente, Ilocos Sur. He put me in charge of the operation. I was a high school sophomore then. I stayed with the pump working continuously for three days and two nights. I camped in the shade of spiny candaroma (aroma) trees, sleeping under the stars at night. I found out that high tide followed by low tide occurs during the day, and the cycle is repeated at night. That means the pump must overcome high tide that pushes water from the sea seeping under the fishpond and through the base of its dikes.

What dad and I thought to be an easy work probed to be an unending battle. Finally we gave up. We lost, but not entirely because we were able to harvest some fish and remove unwanted detritus from the pond. As soon as the machine stopped operating the next high tide brought the normal water level back.

I learned a lesson, which I was to use in my teaching natural science in the university. On the part of dad, he told me, “Machines are no match to the enormous power of nature.” He was referring to the power of the tides. A few years after, the machine broke down, dad told me in his letter. I was then in Manila pursuing a college degree. That night I imagined the spiny candaroma and the stars and the tides. ~

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

Children workshop: Plot the earth as it moves round he sun

Children workshop: Plot the earth as it moves round he sun
Dr Abe V Rotor
Neighborhood children plot the movement of the Earth around the sun, and the changing seasons.  


Plot the earth as it moves around the sun in 365 days, plus one-fourth day, to complete a calendar year (and a leap year every four years); divide it into four phases or seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter in this order. And while the order is fixed, the occurrence of the seasons in the Northern Hemisphere is exactly the opposite in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Plot the earth as it moves around the sun and mark the longest day (June 21), longest night (Dec 21), and call them Summer Solstice and Winter Solstice, respectively - that is, if you live somewhere in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere it is winter when it is summer in the north, summer when winter, and Spring and Autumn are interchanged.    

Plot the earth as it moves around the sun and mark two dates when day is equal to night: Spring Equinox (March 21) and Autumnal Equinox (Sept 21) - whether you live in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere.  These dates are significant to some leaders: "Beware at the ides of March." (warning before the assassination of Julius Caesar), and declaration of Martial Law in the Philippines by President Ferdinand Marcos.  

Plot the earth as it moves around the sun and know when the rains start and ends (habagat), when the rice fields are about to be harvested and when the cold  Siberian winds blow in (amihan).  And in between, a brief hot and dry summer that allows the land to rest (fallow), and children to take a vacation from school. 

Plot the earth as it moves around the sun, and study the relationship of our planet with other planets, the nature of its orbit - apogee and perigee - as these affect our climate and the living things on earth.  In fact, the realignment  of the planets is full of speculations and prophesies regarding the end of the world.  

Plot the earth as it moves around the sun and imagine how the sun's energy is harnessed by plants by means of photosynthesis, how differential heating causes
wind, storm and severe winter, the movement of air and ocean currents that redistribute heat and cold.  Or simply to witness the passing of night to day at different proportions and schedules. 

Plot the earth as it moves around the sun and know it by heart as the calendar of  school and office, of work and play, of planting and harvesting, of various human activities and festivities, it is the calendar measured in seconds, minutes, hours, days, lifetime, generation, epoch. It is the reminder that "we pass this way but once."  And therefore, the greatest gift of our existence. ~

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

Assignment in Communication Art : Say it with Peace. (Christmas Offering)

Dr Abe V Rotor

Living with Nature - School on Blog 
Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid with Ms Melly C Tenorio
738 DZRB AM 8 to 9 Evening Class, Monday to Friday 

For UST 3CA1, 3CA3, 4CA5.  Cite other ways peace is expressed in various human endeavors - art, forum, truce, legislation, compact, devotion, armistice,  in bullet format on short bond.

Non-verbal expression of PeacePeace is the motto of all religions.
Monument of Fr Miguel Benavides, founder of University of 

Santo Tomas (1611)


With thousands of languages and dialects in the world - both extant and extinct, certainly the expressions and act of conveying peace is virtually endless, and extremely diverse. Yet all have a common denominator - respect to God and fellowmen.  And to Nature. 

Peace indeed is the most translated word in any language or dialect. It accompanies compliments, greetings, condolences, casual conversations. Peace is found as sign of flags, banners, insignias and emblems. No prayer is without the mention of peace, quite often repeatedly. It is a word that greets, forgives, compliments, a word for welcome and goodbye.It is therapy.

These different expressions remind all of us that the greeting of peace is common to all cultural and religious traditions.

• "Kopiwosian" is the peace greeting of one of the oldest civilizations and belief systems in Asia, the indigenous Kadazan-Ousun culture in Sabah.

• "Om Shanti" is the greeting of peace of the believers in Hinduism.

• "Ping An", or "Zao An" in the morning and "Wan An" in the evening, is the peace greeting of the followers of Taoism and Confucianism.

 "Shalom" is the greeting of peace of the followers of Judaism.

• "Salam", later "Pax Vobiscum" and nowadays "Peace be with you" is the peace greeting of the Christians, especially the Catholics.

• "Assalamu'alaikum" is the Islamic greeting of peace which might be the most frequently used peace greeting in today's world.

In Ilokano, the language of Northern Luzon, Philippines, there are a number of ways of greeting a person with the message of peace.
  • To one who is leaving, : "Dios ti kumuyog." (Godspeed. God goes with you.)
  • To one who stays or left behind, "Dios ti agbati." (God stays with you.)
  • To one who has given favor, "Dios ti agngina." (God is precious.)
  • To the bereaved, "Dios ti mangliw-liwa." (God consoles.)
  • Also, as condolence, Dios ti agalwad." (God protects.)
When going to a foreign country, or unfamiliar place, learn to say PEACE in the local language. Here are some translations by country or culture.

Fridden, Luxemburgish

Der Frieden, German

La Paix, French

Mír Bosnian, Bulgarian, Byelorussian, Croatian, Czech, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Ukrainian

Shalom, Hebrew

Heiwa, Japanese

Salam, Arabic

La Paz, Spanish

La Pace Italian, Romanian

A Paz Galician, Portuguese

Barish, Turkish

Béke, Hungarian

Damai, Indonesian

Filemu, Samoan

Fois Scots, Gaelic

Fred Danish, Norwegian, Swedish

Hau, Tahitian

Hedd, Welsh

Hoa Bình, Vietnamese

Iri'ni, Greek

Kalilíntad, Magindanaon

Kapayapaan, Tagalog Filipino

K'é, Navajo

Khanhaghutyun, Armenian

La Paqe, Albanian

Linew, Manobo

Maluhia, Hawaiian

Melino, Tonga

Miers, Latvian

Nimuhóre, Ruanda

Pax, Latin

Pingan, Chinese

Pokój , Polish, Slovak

Pyong'hwa, Korean

Rahu, Estonian

Rauha, Finnish

Rukun, Javanese

Saanti, Nepali

Santipap, Thai

Shîte, Tibetan

Shanti Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu

Sholim, Yiddish

Síocháin, Irish

Soksang, Khmer

Solh Dari, Persian

Sulh, Turkish

Taika, Lithuainian

Ukuthula, Zulu

Uvchin, Mapudungun


Vrede Afrikaans, Dutch


Wo'okeyeh, Sioux


Peace be with you all.
Some Thoughts on Peace...

"If we are peaceful, if we are happy, we can smile and blossom like a flower, and everyone in our family, our entire society, will benefit from our peace."

Thich Nhat Hanh

"I was once asked why I don't participate in anti-war demonstrations. I said that I will never do that, but as soon as you have a pro-peace rally, I'll be there."

Mother Teresa

"The first peace, which is the most important, is that which comes within the souls of people when they realize their relationship, their oneness with the universe and all its powers, and when they realize that at the center of the universe dwells the Great Spirit, and that this center is really everywhere, it is within each of us."

Black Elk

"Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal."

Martin Luther King, Jr.

"We look forward to the time when the Power of Love will replace the Love of Power. Then will our world know the blessings of peace."

William Gladstone

"When my heart is at peace, the world is at peace."

Chinese Proverb

"There never was a good war or bad peace."

Benjamin Franklin

"Peace is always beautiful."

Walt Whitman

"If you yourself are at peace, then there is at least some peace in the world."

Thomas Merton

"If you scramble about in search of inner peace, you will lose your inner peace."

Lao Tzu

"It is no longer good enough to cry peace, we must act peace, live peace, and live in peace."

Shenandoah proverb

"Better indeed is knowledge than mechanical practice. Better than knowledge is meditation. But better still is surrender of attachment to results, because there follows immediate peace."

Bhagavad Gita 12:12

"If in our daily life we can smile, if we can be peaceful and happy, not only we, but everyone will profit from it. This is the most basic kind of peace work."

Thich Naht Hanh

If there is to be peace in the world,
There must be peace in the nations.
If there is to be peace in the nations,
There must be peace in the cities.
If there is to be peace in the cities,
There must be peace between neighbors.
If there is to be peace between neighbors,
There must be peace in the home.
If there is to be peace in the home,
There must be peace in the heart.

Lao Tzu

"This is the way of peace: overcome evil with good, and falsehood with truth, and hatred with love."

Peace Pilgrim

"What can you do to promote world peace? Go home and love your family."

Mother Teresa

"Better than a thousand hollow words is one word that brings peace."

Buddha

"Peace is the altar of God, the condition in which happiness exists."

Paramahansa Yogananda

"Climb the mountains and get their good tidings. Nature's peace will flow into you as sunshine flows into trees. The winds will blow their own freshness into you, and the storms their energy, while cares will drop away from you like the leaves of Autumn."

 John Muir

"I believe all suffering is caused by ignorance. People inflict pain on others in the selfish pursuit of their happiness or satisfaction. Yet true happiness comes from a sense of peace and contentment, which in turn must be achieved through the cultivation of altruism, of love and compassion, and elimination of ignorance, selfishness, and greed."

Dalai Lama

Symbols of Peace 



CalumetCalumet (peace pipe) - Calumet means "reed" in French. Such pipes were considered sacred, offering communion with the animate powers of the universe and embodying the honor and the source of power of Native Americans who possessed them. Calumets were particularly used at the conclusion of peace treaties and in ceremonies of adoption. The pipes were principally used by the Dakotan and Algonquian peoples of the Great Plains and in the southeastern United States. Communal smoking usually carried the guarantees of friendship.
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doveDove - In the Bible, a dove was released from the Ark by Noah and returned with an olive branch to show that the Biblical flood was over. Ever since, the dove has symbolised deliverance and God's forgiveness.
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rainbowRainbow - The rain-bow is also a biblical peace symbol. When men would go off to fight they would take their "bow" with them of course -- when they would return home they would "hang their bow" up on the wall making the basic statement that they were not at war but in a time of peace. The rain-bow is the same action but the Holy One "hanging bow" in the sky for all to see that we are not at war but in a time and promise of peace. In Christian tradition it symbolizes God's forgiveness, as it was placed in the sky as the arch of peace after the Biblical flood - a symbol of the covenant between God and mankind.
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mistletoeMistletoe - "After the sun god Balder was killed by the wicked Loki's mistletoe dart, the plant was feared and hated by all as the wicked instrument of death and betrayal. But Balder's mother, the goddess Freya, redeemed it in honor of her son, decreeding that mistletoe should become a symbol of peace and reconciliation. From that time on, enemies who met under a clump of mistletoe would lay down their arms and declare a truce. That is why it is hung in the doorway to this very day, and a kiss of peace and loving kindness bestowed on all who enter." (Scandinavian folklore, cited by Susan Wittig Albert in "Mistletoe Man".)
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oliveOlive Branch - The olive branch has for thousands of years been used as a sign of peace and goodwill. In early cultivation of the olive it took decades to bear fruit for harvest, and anyone who planted olive groves must be expecting a long and peaceful life. The symbolism is also probably related to the Biblical story of the dove. An Olive Branch is clutched in the right talons of the American Eagle in the Great Seal of the United States (right), symbolizing peace.

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olive wreathOlive Wreath - The olive wreath, like the one at left taken from the United Nation logo, was the highest award given to a citizen in ancient Greece. The prize was also given to winners at the ancient Olympic Games - a time when wars were suspended between competing states.

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Peace Sign - The Peace Action Symbol was designed on February 21, 1958 for use in the first Aldermaston Easter Peace Walk in England. The symbol is the composite semaphore signal for the letters 'N' and 'D' standing for Nuclear Disarmament.

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N in semaphoreD in semaphore
peacePeace Sign - This sign is thought to have begun in Europe during World War II when a V for victory was painted on walls as a symbol of freedom from occupying forces. The sign was very widely used by peace movements in the 1960s and 70s as a symbol of victory for peace and truth.

Acknowledgment:
 Thanks to Mr. Peter Scier of Konrad Adenauer FoundationPeace Love and Me Facebook, Khan Peace Page. Peace Center, Internet